Questions tagged [stochastic-programming]

For questions about optimization problems in which one or more parameters are stochastic, with known probability distributions or discrete scenarios. The goal is often, but not always, to minimize or maximize the expected value of the objective function.

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177 views

Airline revenue management re-solving problem

I am considering a bid prices (shadow price of the capacity constraint) problem (from Chen, L. and Homem-de Mello, T. (2009)., page 14) where the acceptable classes for booking requests for ...
206 views

Can we simplify (perhaps linearize) this constraint?

We are dealing with a stochastic model and one of the constraints is \begin{align} y_j=\frac{\sum_{i \in I}\sum_{k \in K}\mathbb{E}\left[X_{ik}^2\right]x^k_{ij}}{\sum_{i \in I} \sum_{k \in K} \mathbb{...
127 views

Optimality in L Shaped or Bender Decomposition

I was working on solving a two-stage stochastic problem using L Shaped method (Benders Decomposition). I have discussed the model here: Stochastic Facility Location Model. Do the single-cut/ multi-cut ...
105 views

Chance constrained optimization - interpretation

Suppose that we have a stochastic vector $\psi$ and $S$ realisations of $\psi$ given by $\psi_1,\dots,\psi_S$ with equal probability of occurrence. In addition, we have constraints of the form \begin{...
49 views

Two-stage stochastic with non-linear recourse

I am working on a two-stage facility location problem as I described in this question. I am solving it with the L-shaped method (Benders decomposition). The cost value between each $(i,j)$ is a ...
165 views

How to solve Stochastic Dynamic Program with huge state space?

I am modelling a stochastic dynamic program but because I need to store all information related to former sales, the state of the dynamic program increases and potentially it can growth so much which ...
130 views

Stochastic Facility Location Model

I am solving a stochastic facility location model using Benders decomposition (L-shaped algorithm). In each scenario, I want to allocate demands from origin to a fixed number of closest open ...
73 views

Sample Average Approximation vs. Numerical Integration

In the sense of the calculation of the expected value of objective functions, we have two choices to evaluate the value; 1. Sample Average Approximation (SAA): $$\frac{1}{N}\sum_{i=1}^N f(x,\xi^i).$$...
2k views

Difference between stochastic optimization and robust optimization

I would like to know whether stochastic optimization and robust optimization are the same and if not, what is the main difference between them. I did an Internet search and I found the following ...
60 views

Derivative of sup(max) functions in distributionally robust optimization

In the distributionally robust optimization problem \begin{aligned} \min_{x\in X}\sup_{P\in\mathfrak{P}}\mathbb{E}_P[f(x,\xi)], \end{aligned} where $f:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}$ and $P$ is a ...
96 views

How to evaluate the performance of scenario generation algorithms?

I would like to compare the performance of various scenario generation algorithms. What are the metrics for comparing the performance of these algorithms?
96 views

Numerical problem regarding to classical benders cut of large scale problem

I am trying to implement benders decomposition for a simple two stage unit commitment problem. I implemented the classic Benders decomposition to add feasible cut and optimal cut to relax master ...
47 views

How to find range of values for the first-stage decisions resulting in the same cuts in two-stage stochastic programming?

Suppose we have a two-stage stochastic program as follows: \begin{equation} \begin{split} \min \ & c^Tx + \mathbb{E}_\xi[Q(x,\xi)] \\ & \text{where}\\ &Q(x,\xi)=\min q(\xi)^Ty\\ &Tx+...
76 views

What is the intuition behind Progressive hedging algorithm?

I am reading some papers about PHA to solve multi-stage stochastic programming, but I think it is not still clear to me. This is my understanding and I would be thankful to know if it is correct or ...
154 views

Generating numbers that should add up to a fixed value while they follow a known distribution

Suppose a perishable item that is associated with a shelf life $m\in \mathcal{M} = \{1,\dots,M\}$. We have a periodic review system with stock level $S$, i.e., based on the inventory level of the item,...
38 views

Scenario Tree Construction in Multi-Stage Stochastic Programming

I gonna use the approach used in this document. Suppose there are $T$ stages and uncertain parameter is $\xi_{t}, \quad t \in \{1,2,\dots,T\}$. In this algorithm, it is required to calculate the ...
141 views

100 views

How to generate correlated samples?

The variation of the average price of a product over a longer period is generally lower than a shorter period. I am interested to capture both uncertainties as to the input of the stochastic ...
195 views

Accessible introduction to L-shaped methods/Benders decomposition

I am looking for papers or other resources that provide an accessible introduction to L-shaped methods/Benders decomposition for solving stochastic linear programming-ideally something focused more on ...
118 views

Scenario based approach to value-at-risk optimization using mixed-integer programming

For a discrete set of scenarios, minimising value at risk can be formulated as a mixed integer linear programming problem. If each scenario has equal probability then this can be written as \begin{...
106 views

Robust/Stochastic optimization deployed in real-world systems/applications

In an applied project we are working on currently, we want to use robust or stochastic programming in order to enhance the performance of the systems (by reference to certain metrics). As you may ...
48 views

Decision-making algorithm for dynamic load balancing

I'm researching a subject of balancing the load between two black-box systems (with some twists). I thought that I could record latest response time log from each of those systems and process such a ...
789 views

Stochastic programming MIP solvers

I am aware that Benders Decomposition is readily available in CPLEX and in SCIP; but are there any (free) solvers that provide off the shelf stochastic programming MIP algorithms or a nice to work ...
93 views

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Sources to learn about Sample Average Approximation for practitioners

I want to start learning Stochastic Programming, beginning with SAA (Sample Average Approximation) and keeping a practitioner's perspective in mind, i.e. I would like my sources to collectively cover ...
171 views

Solving large-scale stochastic mixed integer program

What are some methods or algorithms for solving a large-scale stochastic mixed-integer optimization problem that runs on an hourly dataset for a year? Do we employ some kind of decomposition? (the ...
210 views

Scenario Generation and Reduction in Stochastic Optimization

I have to generate scenarios for a stochastic optimization program. I want to reduce this number of scenarios but the assignment of a probability to each scenario is my problem. How can I assign a ...
958 views

Modeling the uncertainty of the input parameters

There are many approaches to deal with the uncertainty such as stochastic programming, robust optimization and fuzzy programming. Finding a suitable approach that is applicable in the real situations ...
345 views

Why is the sample variance of a Sample Average Approximation calculated in this way?

I am going through the great tutorial on Stochastic Programming by Shapiro and Philpott. When talking about Monte Carlo techniques, I get confused by the way they calculate the sample variance (page ...
179 views

Optimal set order to maximize stochastic reward

You have a ticket allowing you to visit up to $n$ of $M$ carnival booths offering games of chance. At each booth you have probability $p_{i}$ of winning a reward with average value $r_{i}$. Each booth ...
193 views

Difficulties with Finding a Proper Penalty Value for the Progressive Hedging Algorithm

Recently, I've been working on some two-stage stochastic programming problems. Due to the presence of integer second-stage variables in the model, I've preferred to use the Progressive Hedging ...
2k views

Infinite horizon versus finite horizon MDP

When can we approximate a finite horizon MDP with infinite horizon? Can we use infinite horizon stochastic shortest path problem on a directed acyclic graph?
574 views

Alternative definition for the value of stochastic solution

I have a two-stage stochastic programming problem in which the expected-value solution results in a quite different first-stage solution than the recourse problem. Although the value of VSS (defined ...
$\newcommand{\E}{\mathbb{E}}$I am working on numerical algorithms for solving convex large-scale multistage scenario-based problems and I am looking for some standard benchmarks problems. I have so ...