Questions tagged [simulation]

For questions related to the use of computer models to estimate performance measures for complex systems, typically under uncertainty.

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0answers
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Is this the same as Agent Based DES or something different?

DES (Discrete Event Simulation) is a simulation paradigm which can be applied to some OR problems, if combined with SO (Simulation Optimisation). AB-DES (Agent-Based DES) is an adaptation where the ...
8
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2answers
72 views

Alternatives for real-world data collection in simulation courses for Fall 2020

I teach a discrete-event system simulation course in Fall 2020. As with most DES simulation courses, students have term projects that involve gathering real-world data and building stochastic input ...
5
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2answers
392 views

Monte-Carlo Simulations in inventory management

I am using Monte-Carlo simulations in Microsoft Excel to determine optimum reorder points and safety stock levels. I have the demand patterns of the last one year of the product. Using that I can ...
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1answer
66 views

Model Simulation in PYOMO

I have an optimization model that I have developed within the PYOMO framework and I am unable to solve the model in a reasonable amount of time using the BARON solver. I have been instructed not to ...
3
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1answer
75 views

In Linear programming, how to determine if shadow price does not change linearly?

As the title says, in linear programming, is there a way to determine that the shadow price does not change linearly for a resource? I understand one way is to simulate but is there a way to tell ...
6
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0answers
41 views

DOE Output Versus Testing Against Baseline

I am doing some output analysis on a discrete event simulation model and trying to interpret the results. My first step was to run the baseline model to get the response variable, let's say it's 10 ...
6
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1answer
87 views

How to decide the hiring headcount for a retail department

The job responsibility is exactly the same in the department. The department has a total number of working hours required. The total retention is about 50% a year, and the hiring cost is about $2000 ...
10
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1answer
748 views

Simulation in Python

What is the most common package for discrete-event simulation in the OR community? I have found SimPy package.
13
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2answers
454 views

Simulation optimisation: Monte carlo simulation, regression, optimise within regression model?

Can you help me identify if this technique has a standard name to help me explore the literature? Suppose I have a black-box stochastic simulation parameterised by $X=[x_1,...,x_p]$ with some single ...
14
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5answers
942 views

Good textbook for queueing theory and performance modeling

Can someone recommend a good self-study textbook for queueing theory and performance modeling? My interest is in applying this to understanding the behavior of some real-world server networks, ...
21
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5answers
2k views

Validation and verification of mathematical models

Within the subject of simulation I have found some literature on validation and verification (e.g. Sargent's paper). My question is, what techniques do you use to validate and verify your mathematical ...
4
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2answers
192 views

Queuing models in R, $\lambda$ Little

It's noted that the number of folks in a stationary system will maintain an average equal to the rate of arrival multiplied by the mean of the service distribution. The formula $L = \lambda w$ is ...
22
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4answers
2k views

OR-backed serious games

A "serious game" is a game (usually a simulation) designed for a primary purpose other than pure entertainment. Games like the beer game or the fresh connection can be considered serious games serving ...
13
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4answers
191 views

Good distribution assumptions for customer demand in a supply chain

Why do we normally assume normal distribution/Poisson distribution for customer demand in a supply chain? Are there other good distribution assumptions?
11
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1answer
181 views

How to fit a Beta distribution to three estimates from “expert”?

I'm modeling a process time, $X$, for a simulation study and have an "expert" estimate of the minimum, $\hat a$, the most likely (mode), $\hat m$, and the maximum, $\hat b$. I'd prefer to avoid the ...