# Questions tagged [python]

For questions about solving Operations Research problems using the Python programming language.

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### Are Python and Julia used for optimization in industry?

I am giving a small computer exercise that aims at teaching students the basics of a modelling language to model small optimization problems. So far I have been using the modelling language GAMS as ...
10k views

### MATLAB vs. Python in industry

I am a beginning PhD student in math, and I would like to focus on optimization. I am learning programming for the first time, and I have written out some rudimentary optimization algorithms in both ...
799 views

### How to model a mixed-integer linear programming formulation in Python using Gurobi?

I can remember that I spent some time in understanding how to formulate my first model. So I aimed at presenting a complete model here, wishing to save some time for students or researchers needing it....
1k views

### YALMIP-like modeling environment in Python

What are the handiest optimization parsers out there? Is COIN-OR's PyPy being used actively? I am currently trying to do an optimization project in Python, but I am used to using MATLAB + YALMIP ...
385 views

### Change coefficient in PuLP

Once a model is implemented in PuLP, how do you change a coefficient (e.g., $a_{ij}$, $b_i$ or $c_j$) of a program of the from $\min\{c^{\top}x: Ax=b, x\geq0\}$? Specifically: How to update ...
385 views

### How to solve the Cumulative Traveling Salesman Problem using or-tools in python?

The objective of the Cumulative Traveling Salesman Problem (CTSP) is to minimize the sum of arrival times at customers, instead of the total travelling time. This is different than minimizing the ...
547 views

### Settings for a faster solution of a MILP (GUROBI, python)

Using GUROBI with python. When solving a MILP, I notice that the incumbent is very early (25sec) at the optimal point but the best bound is so slow to fall (maximization problem) that it takes ages (...
873 views

### Integer programming problem with simple quadratic objective function in Python

I have $n$ objects that need to be divided among $k$ groups. Each group must receive at least $5$ objects. In addition, the percentage of objects in group $i$ should be as close as possible to $p_i$ ...
1k views

### Which Python package is suitable for multiobjective optimization

I would like to start using Python for modelling and solving optimization problems. I would like to use both single-objective problems and multi-objective problems with a multidimensional objective ...
152 views

### Are there examples of spatially explicit MIP problems?

Disclosure: I am an MSc student in economics, but not an expert by any means in OR. I am trying to model a spatial MIP problem of an invasive species similar to this academic paper, however, my ...
290 views

### Termination Criteria of Solver in Pyomo

I am solving a nonlinear optimization problem using Pyomo with Ipopt as solver. The solver exits with the status: EXIT: Optimal Solution Found. This I can cross ...
399 views

### TSP problem: traveller does not visit all nodes - Google OR-tools

Context: I am dealing with a kind of scheduling problem, in which I have a set of tasks and machines. All tasks must be assigned to machines (not necessary all of them). In addition to that, I must ...
626 views

### How to get GAMS's solvers to work from Pyomo?

I want to run a model written in Pyomo language with CPLEX solver of GAMS. However I get the following error: ...
849 views

### Simulation in Python

What is the most common package for discrete-event simulation in the OR community? I have found SimPy package.
801 views

### Open Source MILP software for Python with user-friendly API to define the optimization problem

Following the accepted answer to Assignment problem where assignments must be done sequentially I would like to write a Python script which can solve the problem defined there. It's a Mixed Integer ...
628 views

### Modeling and solvers

I have just started to dive into OR world on my work. Currently we are using GAMS with Gurobi but some of us have strong programming background and would like to have more programmatic approach to OR. ...
963 views

### Reading an LP/MPS file using Pyomo software

I would like to know is it possible to read an LP/MPS file into the Pyomo software and solve the problem? If so, how can I do that?
143 views

### When should I use a solver for IP and MIP and can I just use a library from Python, R, Matlab, etc…?

Are there any rules of thumb for figuring out when you need to use a solver like Gurobi or CPLEX, and when you can just solve you problems directly with a Python, R, or Matlab package? Is it just a ...
4k views

### How do I access the value of a variable in PuLP?

In Python's PuLP package, how can I get the value of a decision variable? For example, if I declare a variable— ...
170 views

### Common structures in Gurobi - Python

I'm new to Gurobi in Python and I was wondering if someone knows how to code some common structures of linear constraints. I'm trying to understand how you'll code something like the following ...
353 views

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### Python API and CPLEX

Note: See the EDIT below for one possible solution. I apologize if this is not appropriate but I don't really have anywhere else to turn. I was hoping that someone would be able to post how they ...
380 views

### Creating a Continuous Decision Variable between 0 and 1 in Python-MIP Interface

This task appears to be harder than it seems to me. I want to create a continuous variable $x \in [0,1]$. To test this, I did use the open-source Python-MIP interface which uses the CBC-Solver out ...
753 views

### Is there a way to view added constraints in Gurobi (Python)?

I should note that I am very new to Gurobi so apologies if this is obvious. I am working on a project for a class to maximize profit on a theoretical flight network by deciding which routes to fly at ...
1k views

### Python does not identify the academic version of CPLEX

Python does not identify the academic version of CPLEX. I am using Linux, Ubuntu. I have Python 3.6. I installed CPLEX studio 12.9 (academic version installed via the file ...
583 views

### Travelling salesman problem with given number of locations to visit

There's a great example here of how to find a solution to the travelling salesman problem: ...
166 views

### Specific filter on the set using Python

I'm trying to write an optimization model using an open-source solver's Python API. I'm new to use Python. The model objective function is as follows: \begin{equation} \sum_{k=1}^{K} \sum_{j=1}^{n}\...
2k views

### How can I add this conditional constraint to my model in Python?

I am creating an optimization model with 2 sets of binary decision variables. The first, site, is regarding which of 380 cities to place manufacturing sites in, and ...
500 views

### Read an LP/MPS file in the PuLP

I was trying to read a MPS file by using the PuLP package in the Python, but I can't find any related documents on it. Does ...
1k views

### Gurobi's “Out of memory” error without exhausting the RAM?

I wrote a branch-and-price algorithm in Python 2.7 which solves several small LP and MIP models by Gurobi 8.1 in each node. The algorithm runs fine at first, it produces both lower bound and upper ...
436 views

### Pyomo: Looping Over A Variable Method

I am trying to extract my variable values into unique lists so that I can pass them to a panadas dataframe and eventually export the dataframe to Excel after I solve my model. The idea is to have the ...
143 views

### Heuristic Search Planning Tree Leading to Worse TSP Solutions than Naive Greedy

I'm doing a Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP) homework for a coursera optimization course. My first attempt was a regular naive greedy approach, from each point, moving to the closest node (that hadn't ...
554 views

### How to find all vertices of a polyhedron

I have a convex polyhedron given by a set of linear inequalities, for example: $$x_1 \geq 0,~~ x_2 \geq 0, ~~x_3\geq 0 \\ x_1+x_2\leq 1,~~ x_2+x_3\leq 1,~~ x_3+x_1\leq 1$$ I want to list all the ...
289 views

### Can docplex (module for Constraint Programming optimizer CPLEX for Python) read .lp or .mps file?

I want to solve a problem with docplex.cp (module for Constraint Programming optimizer CPLEX for Python), and the problem is available in ...
74 views

### DOCPLEX: tips to manipulate data input (binary parameter)

I am coding a MIP problem in docplex and I would like to ask for some tips. I would like to input a binary parameter that states a compatibility relation: I have a set of characteristics $H$ to be ...
312 views

### Having trouble with objective function in Python: “GurobiError: Variable not in model”. What else could I try?

I am trying to figure out how I can write this objective function into python using Gurobi. I have to minimize the sum of the product of three dictionary's values. The reason I am confused is that ...
175 views

### Interface for Cbc - COIN-OR

I would like to code some IP/MIP models in python and test them with an open-source solver. As of now, I only know the Cbc - COIN-OR open-source solver. I have already tried the or-tools interface, ...
435 views

### Constraint Programming OR-Tools finding Matrix Combinations

As a similar post of mine Find all Combinations of a Matrix I am trying to find matrix combinations with entries $>0$ meaning for a matrix \begin{bmatrix} 0 & 1 & 3 \\ 5 & 2 & 1 \\ ...
231 views

### Creating a Decision Variable in Python-MIP with Dictionaries

I have already seen in the Python-MIP documentation on how to implement a variable with multiple indices. In each example I read, this is done with the use of lists and integers as indices. This is ...
179 views

### Advanced Heuristics for MIP vehicle routing problem in PuLP

I am currently trying to speed up an MIP. An approach I was considering was to implement a cut callback heuristic with PuLP (one which rounds relaxed integer variables greater than .9 to 1). ...
218 views

### How to make constraints satisfy disciplined convex programming guidelines?

How do I turn my convex constraints (described below) into constraints that are DCP so that I can solve them in CVXPy? Is there some cheat sheet'' of standard tricks? I'm trying to implement the ...
986 views

### Finding a solution to a linear program with a small number of zeros

It is known that, in a linear program with $k$ constraints, there exists a basic feasible solution in which at most $k$ variables are non-zero. How can I find such a solution? Is there a polynomial-...
179 views

### How can I optimize this integer programming constraint problem without running out of memory?

I am trying to run this constraint problem but the memory runs out, $$S_{i}$$ are 1975 Students that need to be assigned to one of 188 teacher assistants classes, each teacher assistant has to chose a ...
367 views

### How to run MOSEK solver in CVXOPT

I have written a small code to do a simple min variance optimisation using CVXOPT, you can see the whole code below By using solvers.qp(P, q, G, h, A, b) in CVXOPT ...