Questions tagged [probability-theory]

For questions on the mathematical modeling of processes with randomized outcomes.

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11
votes
2answers
3k views

Is it necessary to study rigorous math courses in OR?

I am a business student with engineering background and I am studying papers published in some journals like Management Science, Operations Research, Math of OR and they use some notations and ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Queuing Theoretic Model with Memory

Consider a telephone company which receives call request at some arrival rate and serves each request with some service rate. This can be modeled using a Poisson Process. However I wish to model the ...
5
votes
0answers
56 views

What's the expected number of subsets of iid random variables with sum in given range? [closed]

Suppose $X_1,\ldots,X_n$ are drawn i.i.d from a uniform distribution on $[0,1]$ and let $x$ be the random vector $(X_1,\ldots,X_n)$. Then consider the random variable $Y_v = v^\top x $ for all $v \in \...
9
votes
3answers
686 views

Modeling the Choose function

In statistics, one often encounters the choose function ${x \choose y}$ which encodes the number of ways of choosing $y$ items from a set of $x$ items. How would one go about modeling a choose ...
4
votes
1answer
60 views

Question about a queueing problem

Arrivals at a telephone booth are considered to be Poisson with an average time of 10 minutes between one arrival and the next. The length of phone calls is assumed to be distributed exponentially, ...
6
votes
1answer
82 views

The departure process of an $\rm M/M/\infty$ queue

Burke's theorem says that the output process of an $\rm M/M/1$, an $\rm M/M/C$, and a $\rm M/M/\infty$ queue with arrival rate $\lambda$ and service rate $\mu$ follows a Poisson with parameter $\...
20
votes
2answers
219 views

Reference for “expectation preserves convexity”

It is well known that expectation preserves convexity: If $f(x)$ is convex and $Y$ is a random variable, then $\mathbb E[f(x-Y)]$ is convex. This property arises in, for example, inventory theory. I ...
12
votes
4answers
514 views

Normal demand and normal lead time; is lead-time demand normal?

In a continuous-review $(r,Q)$ inventory system under a type-1 service level constraint, if the demand per unit time is distributed as $N(\mu,\sigma^2)$ and the lead time, $L$, is a constant, then the ...