Questions tagged [modeling]

For questions related to the process of converting a real-world problem into a mathematical model. Can include questions related to linearization, logical constraints, tightness of formulations, and so on.

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1answer
122 views

Working with large models

I am working with a variant of TSP, number of nodes that I need to test are in between 2500 to 3000 nodes, I am using docplex for modelling, I have a 8 gb Ram but it gets filled with only 400 nodes. ...
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2answers
163 views

Modeling in integer programming vs modeling in constraint programming

I have some experience with linear and integer programming modeling (I read Model Building In Mathematical Programming by Williams). Now I am trying to learn how to model with constraint programming. ...
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2answers
1k views

Linear programming: objective function with “buckets”

I had a linear programming problem with the following objective function $$f(x) = \sum_{j}x_jq_jp_j - \sum_{i}\left(\sum_{j}x_jq_jC_{ij} \right) c_i$$ Where $q, p, C, c$ are known. This problem was ...
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0answers
54 views

Dynamic Programming problem of affecting equipment with budget constraint

I have a problem that I must formulate as a DP problem and solve. A hospital is split up into 4 sections, each section has 1 or 2 or 3 backup generators. We have to maximize the likelihood that no ...
2
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1answer
66 views

How to model these constraints correctly

$W$ is a vector of $N$ complex elements. $D$ is a binary variable The requirements are: when $D==1$, $L_{\min}\le ||W||_2^2\le L_{\max}$ and when $D==0$, $||W||_2^2=0$ I have formulated the following ...
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1answer
47 views

Priority Constraint

Suppose I have the following set of binary variables: $X_i$: $I$ ranges from {1,..,4} Highest priority among the three variables $X$ , $Y$ and $Z$ $Y_j$: $J$ ranges from {1,..,3} $Z_k$: $K$ ranges ...
5
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1answer
105 views

How to check whether two formulations are equivalent?

I am given two formulations, that is, two integer programs $ (IP1)\quad \min \{c^tx \mid Ax\geq a, x\in Z^n\} $ and $ (IP2)\quad \min \{d^ty \mid By\geq b, y\in Z^m\} $ and I wish to check whether ...
3
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1answer
77 views

What type of model is this

I was trying to find a name for the following model; is it mathematical programming, constraint programming, convex optimization, but as I can see, none of them has a continuous parameter $t$ like in ...
2
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1answer
101 views

How can I perform discrete optimisation of a variable over a data set

This question relates directly to a dataset I've generated for Fantasy Premier League, but I'm also curious how I can apply this to a more general case. Data I have a list of premier league players, ...
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2answers
113 views

Modeling the product of two variables

Suppose we have two continuous nonnegative variables $X_{1}$ and $X_{2}$ both bounded by the number $M$ from above. I would like to model the following: If $X_{1} > 0$ then $X_{2} = 0$ If $X_{2} &...
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0answers
53 views

Modeling the multiplication of two binary decision variables in undirected graph in python

In an undirected graph, I'm trying to model a constraint that forcing the optimizer to set an edge $(u,v)$ between two nodes to only exist (= $1$) if the two nodes have been selected to be $1$. The ...
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3answers
588 views

How to determine if this problem is NP-HARD or NP-COMPLETE?

Suppose that I have a pool with N nodes and I have to move the nodes one by one to another pool. For each move, consider a value on the edge linking the two pools. The goal is to find a order of nodes ...
6
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2answers
404 views

How to model bicycle sharing scheme?

One of the problems I have recently considered is the problem of rebalancing bicycle stations for bike-sharing schemes all over the world. It is not a secret that the demand for bikes across the city ...
3
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1answer
87 views

What are the flow based formulations?

What are the flow-based formulations? For what optimization problems are they applied, and in which form? Which are the specificities of such a formulation? Also, the same question for the time staged ...
6
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1answer
160 views

OR-TOOLS : is it possible to partially fulfill a demand?

I am working on a vehicle routing problem with or-tools. Is it possible to partially fulfill a demand? I know it is possible to drop nodes with the disjunction constraints. But in this case, a node is ...
7
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0answers
75 views

OR-TOOLS : delivery node with multiple possible pickup nodes

I am using ortools to model a VRP with pickup and delivery constraints, where pickups can be done at different nodes. For example, if node A has a demand, it must be picked at node B or C. Here is how ...
3
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1answer
54 views

What is the difference between min- cut formulation and (bi) partitioning formulation?

I have a min-cut formulation and a bi-partitioning problem. The two problems focus on finding the minimal cut value separating the two partitions? So what are really the differences between the ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Maximum bipartite matching with breakpoints in edge weight function

I am looking for an analogy to the problem I am facing or better yet a paper or even code. I have: Nodes from set A and B. Edges are from a single A to many B. I am framing a max bipartite matching ...
2
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0answers
70 views

Production planning for a video game economy

I'm a software developer who likes to play a video game that has a complex economy. I realized that the type of problem I'm trying to solve mimics real life operations research problems, and I am ...
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1answer
66 views

How to model this chain of logical implication II

I would like to seek some advice on modeling the following (chain of) logical implication: For instance $\omega_{xz}$ might indicate precedence, i.e., $x$, $z$ being the nodes $x$ and $z$, ...
1
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1answer
57 views

How to model this chain of logical implication

I would like to seek some advice on modeling the following (chain of) logical implication: For instance $\omega_{xy}$ might indicate precedence, i.e., $x$, $y$ being the nodes $x$ and $y$, ...
2
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1answer
51 views

How to build a GAMS model in python

I looked at the GAMS python API but the documentation only describing already predefined models (run .gms with some tweaking options). My question is now: Can I somehow build a gams model from scratch ...
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0answers
55 views

Estimating multistop routing costs

In many OR problems, it is sometimes a good idea (or necessary) to relax routing constraints. An example of this occurs in the classical facility location problem, where a warehouse can send out a ...
11
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1answer
212 views

How to fit a Beta distribution to three estimates from an “expert”?

I'm modeling a process time, $X$, for a simulation study and have an "expert" estimate of the minimum, $\hat a$, the most likely (mode), $\hat m$, and the maximum, $\hat b$. I'd prefer to avoid the ...
7
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1answer
123 views

MILP formulation for minimum set Vertex cover problem

I’m sorry to bother you with this simple question. I would like to model a simple model of the minimum cover vertex set problem. I believe that the original problem is such as $$ \min \quad \sum_{v\in ...
4
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1answer
80 views

How to linearize $f(x,y) = (ax+by)/(x+y)$?

I have a problem which is mainly linear but it has a non-linear component. The objective function is obj = Linear_term + $c*f(x,y)$ where, $f(x,y) = (G_1 x_1 + G_2 x_2)/(x_1 + x_2)$. The decision ...
3
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1answer
76 views

Soft OR & Problem Structuring Methods - often the first steps on an OR journey should not be missed out on this site. So what are they?

Let's make a space for ALL of OR to be discussed. I'm particularly interested in the link between OR and design, I also co-chair the PSM SIG for the OR Society. Hopefully by putting in some tags we ...
11
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1answer
238 views

Column generation for TSP

For teaching purposes, I would like to solve the Travelling Salesman Problem with a column generation approach. In the academic literature, an approach is proposed (for example here), where columns ...
6
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1answer
214 views

What is the performance improvement when using semi-continuous variables instead of binary + continuous variable pair?

I have a MILP model that solves a master production schedule including capacity decisions. In the model I have a production quantity that should either be 0 or at least the amount that can be produced ...
3
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2answers
100 views

Relaxation and complexity of two formulations

I have two different MILP formulations for the same scheduling problem with the same complexity but with different running times. Why it is recommended to compare the relaxed versions of each ...
3
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3answers
630 views

Does adding constraint to an optimization model make it solve faster?

Some say adding constraints cuts the feasible region smaller hence the same solver terminates faster due to the less search effort. Others say it adds more complexity to the problem and it may take ...
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1answer
74 views

What kind of job shop scheduling problem is this and how do I solve it?

I have a production planning / scheduling problem, which I believe is a kind of job shop scheduling problem. But I would like to get some input on what kind of job shop scheduling problem it is and ...
6
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0answers
111 views

Help in solving resource allocation optimization problem

I've been pondering on this question for some work optimization, and I need some help in being directed to the right direction. I have multiple customers that require an amount of $X$, $Y$ and $Z$ ...
2
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1answer
83 views

constraint programming and scheduling issues

I have a constraint problem that i need to resolve, but i did not how know to model the problem: I have 11 employees, i will name them from a to k {a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i,j,k}. I have a small company that ...
0
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1answer
97 views

Help with excel solver

Need help with the following exercise. I am unable to work out the objective function. After months of closure due to Covid-19, a food court is preparing to re-open for business. However, safe ...
2
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1answer
298 views

Divisibility constraint in Integer programming

I have a simple question regarding the divisibility in integer programming suppose the objective function is $\text{max}\quad x_1 + x_2$ where the constraint is that the sum of $x_1$ and $x_2$ are ...
5
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1answer
211 views

How to determine the size of a model?

I want to know about the number of variables and constraints of this formulation (exp: $o(n)$ variables and constraints or $o(n^2)$ ....). Is the number of variables $\mathcal O(n^3)$ because we have ...
2
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1answer
92 views

How to model a set of integer variables getting assigned different values than another set of integer variables

Assume we have variables $x_1, x_2, x_3, x_4$ that each can belong to $\{1,2,...,10\}$. How can we model a constraint that variables $x_1, x_2$ get assigned different values than $x_3, x_4$? Because ...
2
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3answers
265 views

How to model two variables to NOT to belong to the same set partition using Constraint Programming

Assume we have two variables $x,y \in S$ where $S=\{1,2, \dots, 1000\}$. Also, we are given a partition of set $S$ as: $S_1 = \{1,2, \dots, 249\}$ $,S_2 = \{250, \dots, 499\}$ $,S_3 = \{500, \dots, ...
4
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1answer
78 views

Which method to use to solve this multi-objective conflicting objectives

I have the following multiobjective problem. I need to minimize the user-perceived latency while doing so aggressively minimizing user-perceived latency generates large switching cost (Reconfiguration ...
24
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3answers
3k views

Combinatorial problem in my daughter’s class

In Denmark, a rather substantial amount of work and effort has gone into reducing bullying in the Danish public schools. Many initiatives, which purposes are to strengthen the unity and solidarity in ...
2
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1answer
69 views

A discrete location problem

I have a discrete optimization problem in which there are some predetermined nodes in the set A. a vehicle must visit them as the traveling salesman problem. there are some other nodes in the set B ...
9
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4answers
419 views

How to reduce the risk of wrong modelling in OR industry projects?

In my experience many OR Industry projects contains at least one person with background in OR (who is not familiar with the technical background) and at least one person from industry with the ...
4
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1answer
139 views

Switching of decision variables to be equal to a certain decision variable according to a binary (indicator) variable

I would like to seek some advice on modeling the following: I have two integer decisions variables, $x, x'$, that are either equal or greater than zero and either of them is to be equated to a third ...
6
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4answers
728 views

Can this be formulated as one inequality

I have two binary variables $x_1$ and $x_2$ and a non-negative continuous variable $y$. In addition, I have the following two parameters $u>q>0$. I would like to formulate the following ...
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0answers
36 views

Linearizing max constraint Problem [duplicate]

I want to linearize a max constraint as below: In which x_(i,t),are binary decision variables and T is a constant. How can I linearize this constraint?
2
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1answer
60 views

distance specific constraint

I have some points with determined coordinates $(a_i,b_i)$. A vehicle can move between these points based on rectangular distance. In more detail, we consider that the path between points is an ...
1
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2answers
153 views

Switching of decision variables to be larger than or equal to a decision variable according to an indicator variable value

I would like to seek some advice on modeling the following: I have two integer decisions variables, $x, x'$, that are either equal or greater than zero and either of them is greater than or equal to a ...
11
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1answer
255 views

Modeling an assignment/scheduling problem to minimize total wait

I have an assignment type problem in which there is a set of students, $S$, and a set of training classes $T$. Each training has a fixed start and end day and can accommodate at most 1 student. In ...
19
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4answers
510 views

How can I best handle symmetries in my MIP?

When dealing with mixed-integer-programs with many symmetric solutions it can take very long until the branch-and-bound-tree search is finished because symmetric optimal solutions cannot be pruned. ...

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