# Questions tagged [integer-programming]

For questions about mathematical optimization problems involving binary or general integer variables.

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### Scheduling for the shortest days using ILP

I've tried Or-Tools and MILP solvers a couple of different ways on this, but they take a surprisingly long time to realize that the solution they generated fairly quickly is in fact minimal. Is there ...
353 views

### The importance of evaluating the number of constraints

If I introduce a problem, say as an ILP formulation, should I also discuss the number of introduced constraints? If yes, why?
1 vote
54 views

### Product allocation to vendor according to their demand

Company X has 3 types of products and due to the limited availability of raw materials, the production of products are also limited. They have partnered with Store A for them to sell their products. ...
324 views

### Is it possible to identify all possible Irreducible Infeasible Sets (IIS) for an infeasible Integer Linear Programming problem? (ILP)?

For an Integer Linear Programming problem (ILP), an irreducible infeasible set (IIS) is an infeasible subset of constraints, variable bounds, and integer restrictions that becomes feasible if any ...
207 views

### Conditional constraint with a strict inequality

It's almost this question: Formulating the conditional constraint But there they have non-strict inequality. I have $x_i$ a boolean decision var and $Q_i$ as a nonnegative integer decision variable ...
135 views

### What fraction of the search space has been searched for ILP?

Is there a way to make Gurobi output (an estimate of) how much of the search space has already been cut off as infeasible? If not with Gurobi are you aware of any binary only (912 of them) ILP solver ...
220 views

### Deriving order/rank variable from another decision variable

There is a decision variable $x_i$ which denotes the time when a person is allowed to do his work. The objective function is $\min (x_i - a_i)$ where $a_i$ is the time when the person arrives at the ...
197 views

### Constrain Mixed-Integer problem such that a graph is fully connected

I have a problem (see my questions about Architectural layouts which poses an interesting abstract question) where there exists an implicit (symmetric) graph whose values in the adjacency matrix are ...
97 views

### Polynomial Time Solution For a Mixed-Integer Linear Programming Specific Case

Consider the following mixed-integer linear programming (MILP): \begin{equation*} \begin{array}{ll@{}ll} \text{maximize} & 1 & \\ \text{subject to}& x_{i} \geq 0, &i=1 ,\dots, m\\ ...
406 views

### When is a formulation with min function an ILP problem?

Consider a simple formulation like the one below. \begin{align} \max&\quad\sum_i x_i\\ \text{s.t.}&\quad x_i \leq \underset{\forall j<i}{\text{min}}\ f(x_j) \end{align} I am just wondering ...
1 vote
153 views

### Linearization of constraints in a ILP

I have been working on a Graph Theory problem for my thesis and got stuck about the linearization of some constraints. I am hiding everything, constraints, variables and so on, of my problem not ...
524 views

### Mixed-Integer Linear Programming With Free Variables

In the classic Mixed-Integer Linear Programming (MILP), the variables are fixed to be either integer or real. I am interested in the following MILP variant, where only one thing different from the ...
251 views

I am solving an OR scheduling problem where I assign the patient to (day,OR) tuple in Master Problem. Once the assignment is made, a subproblem can be solved for each (day,OR) tuple independently ...
387 views

### R package for multi objective integer evolutionary algorithm

I have a discrete event simulation (simmer package) based on probability distributions in R. I would like to optimize the variables according to several (2 or more) objectives. I used the NSGA-II ...
1 vote
59 views

### Building blocks for unimodular matrices

I read Chapter 19.4 of Schrijver(1986) and get to know that every totally unimodular matrix can be produced by taking operations on network matrices and two certain matrices. I find that some paper ...
915 views

### In a MIP, how to force a decision variable to be zero unless the sum of specific other decision variables is equal to a certain number?

In an MIP, how can I formulate a constraint such that a decision variable is only greater (or equal to) zero if (and only if) the sum of different decision variables is equal to something. I'm working ...
80 views

### What if anything do linear relaxations of "nearby" MILP nodes tell us about other MILP nodes

Assume we are given MILP where $y \in (\mathbb{R}^+)^n$, $x_1, x_2 \in \{0, 1\}$ are the integer variables. It is obvious that this problem when solved via branch and bound has a 2 deep b&b-tree. ...
173 views

212 views

### Is there any academic reference which suggests/uses dual values as initialization of Lagrangian multipliers?

The Lagrangian relaxation approach is used to generate lower (upper) bounds for minimization (maximization) problems by moving some constraints to the objective function and multiplying them by "...
70 views

### Finding the minimum of a group of timings

I would like to seek some modeling advice on the following: Say for instance I have 5 nodes representing workstations of the operation of 5 jobs, and that I have less than 5 vehicles. Say I have two ...
123 views

### Characterization for total dual integrality

A problem I study reduces to whether the polyhedron $P=\{\mathbf{x}\mid A\mathbf{x}=\mathbf{1}, \mathbf{x}\geq0\}$ is integral ($A$ is a matrix with coefficients in $\{0,1\}$). I know that the ...
95 views

### Name for subclass of ILP without any inequality constraints (including constraints on x)

In "Myths and Counterexamples of Mathematical Programming" myth "IP Myth 21" says: The problem of finding $x\in \mathbb{Z}$ such that $Ax=b$, where $A\in\mathbb{Z}^{m\times n}$ ...
575 views

### MAX-CUT: are there any algorithms or codes for classical computers, that cater to this specific case?

I missed the opportunity to ask this on OR.SE by 24 days! I asked it at CS.SE on 6 May 2019 and OR.SE entered Private Beta on 30 May 2019. It's a problem about minimizing a sum of terms that are ...
958 views

### No-good cuts for general integer variables

Question: Suppose we have an integer program $\min\{c^\top{x}\mid{Ax\leq{b}},x\in\mathbb{Z}_+^n\}$, and suppose that $x^*$ is a feasible solution for this IP (or even that $x^*$ is an extreme point of ...
604 views

### Can a generic ILP solver find graph matchings as fast as a specialized algorithm?

Finding a maximum matching, or a maximum-weight matching, is a well-known problem, which has polynomial-time combinatorial algorithms. It can also be formulated as an integer linear program. In ...
975 views

### Efficient solver for multiway number partitioning

I am interested in the following problem. The input is a set of $n$ integers, and a fixed integer $k$. The required output is a partitioning of the integers into $k$ subsets, such that the smallest ...
486 views

### Constraints that set values to binary variables depending on other binaries

I am trying to write a mathematical problem that involves some conditions based on binary variables. More specifically, I have a set of three binary variables $d_1$, $d_2$, $d_3$ and depending on ...
1k views

### Scheduling optimisation constraint on consecutive shifts & consecutive night shifts (python)

I am trying to write a program to schedule a team of 8 individuals into shifts. I want to know how to model that every individual must get at least one night shift break, and must not work two ...
136 views

### How does the RCPSP's precedence constraint work?

In  the authors define the RCPSP (resource-constrained project scheduling problem) as follows: minimize $$\sum_{t} t x_{n t}$$ subject to  \begin{array}{c} \sum_{t} x_{j t}=1, \quad j \in J, \\ ...
122 views

### IP model for k-rooted spanning forest

I am looking for an IP model for finding a $k$-rooted minimum spanning forest on an undirected graph $G$. Given a set of roots $R$ and a set of nodes $N$ $(R\cap N=\emptyset)$, I would find a forest ...
163 views

### How to linearize a max min objective function?

Let us suppose that I have a $\max \min$ objective function that only depends on one set of variables: $\underset{x}\max \underset{y}\min dy$ Associated with the linear set of constraints and right ...
1 vote
162 views

### Generating numbers that should add up to a fixed value while they follow a known distribution

Suppose a perishable item that is associated with a shelf life $m\in \mathcal{M} = \{1,\dots,M\}$. We have a periodic review system with stock level $S$, i.e., based on the inventory level of the item,...
157 views

### Modeling that there is no feasible solution to a linear system in mixed integer programming

My question is about how to construct a mixed integer programming to model that there is no feasible solution to a given linear system. Specifically, given $x\in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $z\in \{0,1\}^{d}$,...
1k views

### 0 1 solution of linear programming problem with only equality constraints

I have a linear programming problem $LP$ where all the variables $x_{i}$ take value in $\left[0, 1\right]$ (that is $0\leq x_{i} \leq 1$). All the constraints are as follow: $a_{1}+a_{2}+a_{3}=1$ that ...
I'm dealing with a kind of assignment problem, in which I have a set of tasks $t$ to be executed by machines $w$, but these tasks depend on the variatns $v$ of components $m$ being selected, which is ...