Questions tagged [convexity]

For questions related to convex functions and convex sets, especially as they relate to optimization problems.

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2
votes
3answers
74 views

Convex optimization on the unit hypercube with gradients and a bounded minimum

I'd like to find the minimum of a smooth, continuous function inside the unit hypercube (the dimensionality of which could go into the hundreds or even thousands). The function is convex (Hessian $\...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

How to convexify log(convex) function?

I have the following optimization problem: \begin{align}\max_x&\quad\log_2(1+|a+bx|^2+cx^2)\\\text{s.t.}&\quad0\le x\le1\\&\quad(1-x^2)\ge\text{constant}\end{align} where $a$ and $b$ are ...
5
votes
2answers
90 views

Is $\min \ x^3 \ \mathrm{s.t.}\ x \geq 0$ a convex problem?

The problem $$\min \ x^3 \ \mathrm{s.t.} \ x \geq 0$$ is sometimes said to be a convex optimization problem. $f(x) = x^3$ is not a convex function. However, in the domain of $x\geq 0$ it is convex. So ...
3
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0answers
82 views

Proving convexity for a function with summation and integer variable

I would like to show that the function $f$ is convex in $\rho\in [0,1)$ under $s\in \mathbb{Z}^+$. When I use Sympy packages of Python to find $\displaystyle\frac{\partial^2 f(\rho)}{d\rho^2}$. I get ...
1
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0answers
66 views

Decomposition of Polyhedra

There is no doubt that clear examples consolidate the understanding of concepts being learnt. I am new to finding the structure and decomposition of a polyhedra. Suppose that we have the system $$ \...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Find a dual problem with one dual decision variable to the problem of finding the orthogonal projection of a given vector

Given the set $T_{\alpha}=\{x\in\mathbb{R}^n:\sum x_i=1,0\leq x_i\leq \alpha\}$ For which $\alpha$ the set is non-empty? Find a dual problem with one dual decision variable to the problem of finding ...
4
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1answer
85 views

Optimization of strongly convex functions with approximate evaluations of gradient and Hessian

Suppose I want to find the minimum of a differentiable, strongly convex function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}$ with constant $\mu>0$. That is, for all $x,y\in\mathbb{R}^n$, I have that: $$f(y) \geq ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

How to evaluate the convexity of an optimal control problem?

Can we consider an optimal control problem, a convex optimization problem like static optimization problems? If it is possible, under what conditions, will this problem be a convex problem? For ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

$\nabla_y\nabla_vf(x^*)\geq0$ for any concave $f$ if and only if $y=-v$

$f:\mathbb R^3\to\mathbb R$ is an arbitrary concave function. $H$ is a plane. $v$ is a given vector on $H$. $x^*=\max_{x\in H} f(x)$ Prove that $\nabla_y\nabla_vf(x^*)\geq 0$ if and only if $y=-v$. I ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Quasi-convex function must be “partially monotonic”?

$f(x)$ is quasi-convex, $$x^*\in\arg\min_{x\in C}f(x).$$ How to prove that, for any $a\in C$, $f(x) $ is weakly monotonic in the direction of $(x^*-a)$? Is this simple result a part of an ancient ...
6
votes
1answer
136 views

Convexity of the variance of a mixture distribution

$X$ is a random variable that is sampled from the mixture of uniform distributions. In other words: $$X \sim \sum_{i=1}^N w_i \cdot \mathbb{U}(x_i, x_{i+1}),$$ where $\mathbb{U}(x_i, x_{i+1})$ denotes ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Can we get closed form solution for such a problem?

\begin{align}\min&\quad\sum_{i=1}^N\frac{A_i}{x_i}\\\text{s.t.}&\quad\sum x_i \le X\\&\quad x_i \ge 0\end{align} wherein $A_i>0, (i\in\{1,\dots,N\})$ is constant, $x_i, (i\in\{1,\dots,N\...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Question on quadratically constrained quadratic program

If the constrained optimization problem is a quadratically constrained quadratic program of the form \begin{align}\min&\quad x^HQx-a(x+x^H)+b|z^Hx|^2\\\text{s.t.}&\quad\|x\|^2\le1\end{align} ...
4
votes
3answers
689 views

Linear programming convexity

Is it possible for a linear programming model to be non-convex ? If it is, please, provide a simple 2 variables example and explain why it is non-convex. EDIT 1: I have been wondering, maybe the ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Simple nonlinear programming using convexity analysis and KKT

I want to solve the following two-variate nonlinear programming using KKT conditions: $$ \begin{align} \begin{split} \max \quad & 15 \sqrt{x_{1}} + 16 \sqrt{x_{2}} \\ \text{s.t.} \quad &...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

Convexity Analysis

For the following function, I am testing the convexity in $\lambda$. All parameters are in $\mathbb{R}^+$. $$\frac{\left(- \lambda \left(b + \frac{p}{\beta}\right) + 1\right) \left(\left(1 + \frac{p}{...
8
votes
2answers
102 views

how to penalize a shortfall of a sum of absolute values

I have a model where there is a constraint on the sum of absolute values, and I would like to add a penalty on the shortfall from the constraint. More specifically: \begin{align*} \text{maximize}\ &...
5
votes
1answer
105 views

Concavity: Definition similar to sub-modularity

We know that for $b \geq a$, and some $s \geq 0$, a concave function $f$ satisfies: $f(a+s) - f(a) \geq f(b+s) - f(b)$. This is not a frequent definition of concavity, but can be found, e.g., here....
9
votes
1answer
308 views

Compute the distance from a point inside a convex set to the boundary of the set

Problem Let $\mathcal C = \{ X \in \mathbb{R}^n \mid g(X) \leq 0\}$ where $g$ is convex, and let $X_c \in \mathcal{C}$. Is there any algorithm to compute the distance from $X_c$ to the boundary of $\...
6
votes
2answers
166 views

Existence of Optimal Solution

Assume we are solving $\min\{f(x) \ | \ x \in S \}$. If $f: \mathbb{R}^n \mapsto \mathbb{R}$ is a proper closed convex function, and $S$ is a non-empty closed convex set, does this imply that the ...
3
votes
2answers
230 views

Convexity of a function

I would like to show that this function $$2x^2 + 8y^2$$ is convex or concave by using the definition $$f(θx+(1−θ)y) \le θf(x)+(1−θ)f(y)$$ From my understanding, using the Hessian matrix, I believe ...
5
votes
0answers
509 views

Convexity of the projection of a convex set

Question: A set $S \subset \mathbb{R}^m \times \mathbb{R}^n$ is convex. Using the fact that affine maps preserves convexity prove that $S(y) = \{x \in \mathbb{R}^m\mid (x,y)\in S \}$ and $\hat{S} = ...
8
votes
2answers
158 views

Convex Optimization: Separation of Cones

I am trying to solve Exercise 2.39 at Boyd and Vandenberghe's Convex Optimization book. In one source, the answer is given as: 2.39 Separation of cones. Let $K$ and $\tilde K$ be two convex cones ...
5
votes
1answer
205 views

How to express this constraint?

I have the constraint \begin{align}\max&\quad\gamma\\\text{s.t.}&\quad a\ge\gamma b\\&\quad\gamma\le 1\end{align} where $\gamma$ is an optimization variable and $a$ is a function of some ...
9
votes
1answer
87 views

Problem solvable $\Rightarrow$ subproblems solvable if feasible region closed, convex?

Let $c \in \mathbb{R}^n$, $M \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ such that the problem \begin{align}P:\quad\min_{x \in \mathbb{R}^n}&\quad c^\intercal x\\\textrm{s.t.}&\quad x \in M\end{align} is solvable....
8
votes
1answer
244 views

Convexity/Concavity of Average Number of Jobs in M/M/1 Queue?

I am working on a problem involving the average number of jobs $L$ in an M/M/1 queue with arrival rate $\lambda$, service rate $\mu$. For traffic intensity $\rho = \frac{\lambda}{\mu}$, $$ L = \frac{\...
9
votes
1answer
165 views

Solving convex programs defined by separation oracles?

General question: What software can solve convex programs defined by a separation oracle? The objective function is concave, and the feasible set is a polytope. By a separation oracle I mean that I ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Is This Constraint Convex?

I have a constraint that I believe to be convex and not affine which I think means that I can implement a relaxation. I will first define the full constraint, and then build up my (informal) reasoning ...
9
votes
2answers
323 views

Convexity of a QP

In quadratic programming (QP), you encounter an objective of the following form: $$x^TQx + c^Tx$$ and often it's desirable to know if the QP is convex. One method to check for convexity is by ...
9
votes
3answers
550 views

Examples of problems with non-convex constraint functions but convex feasible region

I'm looking for examples of (classes of) problems with a non-convex, non-linear formulation, but convex feasible region. That is, a problem of the sort: $$ \begin{array}{lll} \text{minimize} & ...
11
votes
2answers
478 views

Dedicated solver for convex problems

Are you aware of a fast solver (open source or commercial) for convex NLPs that is faster than IPOPT? I'm interested in problems in the 50K+ variable range, both dense and sparse. Ideally, it would be ...
17
votes
3answers
2k views

Can an integer optimization problem be convex?

I'm trying to wrap my head around an apparent paradox that I've come across while trying to learn more about optimization algorithms: On one hand several sources state that convex optimization is ...
15
votes
1answer
304 views

Convexity of Variance Minimization

$X$ is a discrete random variable taking value $x_n$ with probability $1/N$ for $n=1, \ldots,N$. I would like to set the $x_n$ values in an optimization problem. My objective is to minimize the ...
17
votes
5answers
3k views

Linear Programming with additional “if-then”/“Default to zero” constraints?

What approaches can I use for a Linear Programming problem with the additional constraint that if a decision variable falls below a certain threshold, then it should just be forced to 0. I'm ...
12
votes
2answers
297 views

Convex vs Strictly Quasiconvex Functions in Optimization

I have read/heard quite a few time that in the old days, it was considered that linear programs constitute the class of optimization problems that can be solved efficiently in practice (as a rule of ...
14
votes
1answer
457 views

How to formulate a problem to prove/disprove convexity?

Given a general non-linear problem: \begin{align}P:\qquad&\min_{x\in X} f(x)\\\text{s.t.}\qquad&g(x)\leq 0\end{align} where $f$ is a non-linear function, $g$ is a vector of non-linear ...
10
votes
2answers
237 views

How to determine the convexity of my problem and categorize it?

My problem is: \begin{align}\min\limits_{x_{ij}}\qquad&{\sum_{i\in N}\sum_{j\in M}\frac{x_{ij}}{C_j-\sum\limits_{i\in N} x_{ij}a_i}}\\\text{s.t.}\qquad&0<C_j-\sum_{i\in N} x_{ij}a_i\\\qquad&...
12
votes
1answer
203 views

Recovering primal optimal solutions from dual sub gradient ascent using ergodic primal sequences

My question concerns recovering a primal optimal solution while performing dual sub gradient ascent. Denoting by $y_i$ the dual multiplier in the $i^{\text{th}}$ iteration, let \begin{equation} x_i = ...
7
votes
2answers
372 views

How can I linearize or convexify this binary quadratic optimization problem?

I have an optimization problem as below. I am having a hard time with the last constraint. $\max \eta$ subject to ${\bf U}(:,m)^T{\bf A}{\bf U}(:,m)=0,m=1,2,\cdots,M$ here $\bf{A}$ is a Binary ...
15
votes
2answers
142 views

Bound on the number of constraints to be generated (lazy constraints)

I am working on a very large optimisation problem. All variables are continuous, the objective is linear and the constraints convex, but I have many such constraints (on the order of $2^n$ — actually, ...
7
votes
1answer
360 views

KKT inequality conditions

Let's say I have an objective function $$f(x_1,x_2, \cdots, x_n)$$ and $N$ constraints $$x_i \ge 0. $$ I am trying to solve it with KKT conditions. Now the objective function becomes $$f(x_1,x_2,...
12
votes
2answers
464 views

Convex Maximization with Linear Constraints

I am doing active research in convex maximization w.r.t. linear constraints. There are many cases which can be efficiently approximately solved, e.g., convex quadratic maximization, log-sum-exp ...
20
votes
2answers
836 views

Reference for “expectation preserves convexity”

It is well known that expectation preserves convexity: If $f(x)$ is convex and $Y$ is a random variable, then $\mathbb E[f(x-Y)]$ is convex. This property arises in, for example, inventory theory. I ...