Questions tagged [constraint]

For questions related to constraints, i.e. any restriction or relation a set of decision variables has to satisfy.

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25
votes
3answers
5k views

In an integer program, how I can force a binary variable to equal 1 if some condition holds?

Suppose we have a binary or continuous variable $x$, a binary variable $y$, and a constant $b$, and we want to enforce a relationship like If $x \gtreqless b$, then $y = 1$. How can we write this ...
11
votes
2answers
961 views

In an integer program, how can I “activate” a constraint only if a decision variable has a certain value?

Suppose we have the constraint $$a_1x_1 + \cdots + a_nx_n \gtreqless b,$$ where $a_i$ and $b$ are constants and $x_i$ are decision variables. Suppose also that we want the constraint to hold if $y=1$ (...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

How to formulate (linearize) a maximum function in a constraint?

How to formulate (linearize) a maximum function in a constraint? Suppose $C = \max \{c_1, c_2\}$, where both $c_1$ and $c_2$ are variables. If the objective function is minimizing $C$, then it can be ...
23
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the difference between integer programming and constraint programming?

At first glance both approaches appear to be very similar. What are the major differences between integer programming and constraint programming?
22
votes
4answers
2k views

Linearize or approximate a square root constraint

I encounter a nonlinear constraint that contains the square root of a sum of integer variables. Of course one could use nonlinear solvers and techniques; but I like linear programming. Are there any ...
16
votes
1answer
480 views

Working with absolute values in constraint in a LP or MILP

Having all the approaches explained in the blog called "OR in an OB World" (this address) in my mind, I would like to ask the following question: What is the best practice to make a constraint linear ...
5
votes
1answer
193 views

How to set a limit for a switch to 0 of a variable

I would like to know how to define a constraint to set a limit for switching to 0 for a decision variable? So I have a linear variable $x(t)$ which quantifies the modulation degree of a heating device....
3
votes
2answers
308 views

If-then constraint with continuous variables

I was usually using if-then constraints with integer variables but ended up using continuous variables and got confused. I have variables $x_{ij}\in\mathbb{R}_{\geq 0}$, and would like to force the ...
11
votes
3answers
294 views

Is my approach to my internship project good? Optimal allocation of product across stores, constrained optimization

Context: I am a CS student currently in a non-CS internship (logistics, supply chain). My manager wants to leverage my knowledge of programming to build a program to solve the following problem: As ...
12
votes
1answer
221 views

2 stage stochastic programming to approximate many stage problems

There are many naturally multi-stage (i.e., more than two) stochastic programming problems that are approximated by a two-stage stochastic programming model due to the complete intractability of the '...
3
votes
2answers
178 views

Model “If, then” constraint

How to model the following "If, then" type constraint? If $\sum\limits_{i \in I}x_i = 0$ then $\sum\limits_{j \in J}x_{j} = n$ where $x$ are binary variables, $n$ is a known parameter and $...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

If-then constraints in MIP programming

For continuous variables $x$ and $y$, the constraints are: ...
4
votes
3answers
129 views

How to couple a binary variable to a continuous variable to indicate values greater 0

I have a continuous variable $x_t$. A binary variable $b_t$ should be coupled to $x_t$ such that $b_t$ has the value $1$ if $x_t$ has a value greater than $0$ and $b_t$ has the value $0$ if $x_t$ has ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Does it make sense to use strict equality constraints in optimization?

Once I learned from some post that the strict equality constraint in an optimization problem does not make much sense. We should always use $\le$ constraint. How much truth is in this? If I must have ...
10
votes
2answers
412 views

What is the standard practice in Constraint Programming modeling?

I know some general concepts regarding Constraint Programming (e.g., the ones explained in this answer). I am interested in learning how to formulate a combinatorial optimisation problem as a ...
8
votes
1answer
429 views

Adding a constraint in constraint programming

Is it true that the more we add constraint to a constraint programming solver the more efficient it will be? How does this compare to adding constraints in integer programming solvers.
7
votes
1answer
781 views

How to find the idle intervals in integer programming?

I have a scheduling problem with one machine and one job. I defined a binary variable $z_t$ that is 1 iff the job is scheduled at time $t$ (the job can be served in multiple times that are not ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Space constraint in scheduling problem

I'm studying an MIP model with a scheduling problem and I'm wondering if the space constraint is correct. If there is space in the factory at that time, the block can be processed, where $i$ is the ...
3
votes
2answers
214 views

How to make following constraint a convex one?

I would like to write a constraint as follows, where $x,y>0$ are optimization variables, and $a,b,c,d,A$ are positive constants. How to make it a convex constraint? \begin{equation} \frac{{ax}}{{\...