# Questions tagged [column-generation]

Questions on algorithms that solve mathematical models by generating columns (variables) in the pricing step during solution on demand.

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### How should one proceed with column generation when the subproblem generates only columns with positive reduced costs?

I try to solve a MILP with Column generation. The Master Problem is a minimization problem with " $\le$ " constraint which lead to non-positive dual values. The problem is that the ...
1 vote
80 views

### Why the column generation algorithm remains stuck at the same solution?

I was trying to solve a MILP by a column generation algorithm, and I noticed that the algorithm was stuck at the same solution, I tried to diversify the pool of initial columns, but the problem I ...
115 views

### Can one strengthen the Lagrangian dual bound in column generation when there are multiple subproblems?

Consider a Linear Programme (LP) \begin{align} \min && \sum_{i \in I} c_i x_i \\ \text{s.t.} && \sum_{i \in I} a_{ij} x_i &\geq b_j & \quad & \forall j \in J \\ && ...
1 vote
77 views

### Combination of lagrangian relaxation and column generation

I am solving an integrated scheduling problem and have dealt with coupling constraints using Lagrangian relaxation to decompose the problem into two separate problems. However, it is still difficult ...
65 views

### Can dual values smoothing lead to generating duplicate columns?

When using smoothing for dual values stabilization in column generation, the duals used in the subproblem lie on the segment joining the stability center (inside the dual feasible region) and the ...
1 vote
125 views

### Quality of the defined initial solution in column generation

In the context of column generation, specifically, price and branch or delayed column generation like Gilmore-Gomory (GG-CG) procedure, it needs to define an initial feasible solution as a trigger of ...
35 views

### Dual prices remain stable but negative in column generation

I arrive at an objective function value that I know to be optimal. However, dual prices remain negative (which leads me to believe another pattern can be added, but when I do, the dual prices don't ...
113 views

### Must the Newly Generated Column be used in RMP in the Column Generation Method?

When I used Column Generation, I found a column with reduced cost < 0, and added it to the Restricted Master Problem. Must the newly added column be used in the solution of RMP at once? If not, ...
115 views

### How to find the vectors to be added as the columns in the master problem of Dantzig-Wolfe Decomposition?

I have a Dantzig-Wolfe decomposition question with the following questions \begin{align} &Maximize: 2x_1 +3x_2+4x_3+2x_4 \\ s.t. \quad & x_1 +x_2+2x_3+x_4 \le 15\\ & x_1 +x_2+2x_3+...
269 views

### How do we branch a Cutting Stock problem using Branch and Price?

I'm sure this is a straightforward question, but since I started learning integer programming recently this isn't clear to me. Consider solving a 1 dimensional cutting stock problem using delayed ...
369 views

### Adding variable to constraint in pyomo

I am trying to implement a delayed column generation approach in pyomo. However, I cannot find a way to add a variable to a constraint. I can add variables to the objective function, simply by adding ...
264 views

### Reduced cost in column generation

I am following this tutorial to learn column generation. ` https://co-at-work.zib.de/slides/Donnerstag_24.9/cgbpdw-coatwork-annotated.pdf I have a couple of questions I thought someone experienced in ...
150 views

### Dantzig-Wolfe decomposition and optimal integer solutions

It is well known that applying the Dantzig-Wolfe Decomposition in the one period cutting stock problem with trim loss minimization leads to an optimal real solution that shares the round up property, ...
403 views

### Can't solve a specific instance of Gilmore & Gomory Cutting Stock with Delayed Column Generation

I am now somewhat comfortable with delayed column generation, but one specific example has been bugging me, as it's quite simple (on the second iteration we stop) and I can't reach the optimal ...
262 views

### Column generation: decreasing value of restricted master problem

I am using column generation to solve a minimization problem. At a given iteration, my subproblem finds a column with reduced cost $-1$, and in the following restricted master problem, this new column ...
215 views

### Accelerating an integer programming model

I am working on a scheduling problem, where I am solving it through column generation. The pricing problem of this algorithm is an integer programming model as follows: \begin{equation} F_1 \Big\{V^...
203 views

### Benders decomposition for a dense MILP

I am trying to solve a large MILP, but it seems like dense problems can be very difficult for moderns solvers. I tried to solve the problem described below considering only constraints (1) and (2) ...
201 views

### Is this ILP formulation for Group Closeness Centrality a column generation approach?

I want to solve the Group Closeness Centrality problem where the input is a graph $G=(V,E)$ and integer $k$ and we want to find a vertex set $S$ of size $k$ minimizing the total distance of the ...
350 views

### Integer column generation without branch & price

Consider the following situation. I have an integer program which I want to solve using column generation. After a suitable decomposition, the master problem has decision variables that select the ...
380 views

### Metaheuristics vs Column generation for VRP

I am solving a vrp and its variants (pick up drop off, milk-run problem) using genetic algorithms. The issue that I am getting with the genetic algorithm is the randomness associated with the ...
102 views

### Dual instability, degeneracy, tailing off effect - Which are the causes and which are the effects?

Dual instability, degeneracy, and the tailing off effect are often mentioned together in papers. However, I cannot seem to find a clear explanation on which of these cause the other and vice versa? ...
223 views

### Why is the tailing off effect only a problem in column generation?

Why is the tailing off effect only a problem in column generation? If all columns were pregenerated, and one used the simplex method, wouldn't one see the tailing off effect? Is it simply not an issue ...
262 views

### Odd behavior in the branch bound and price algorithm with column generation

I have two questions on branch-bound-and-price. Why does it sometimes fail? For instance, the paper by Dabia et al shows results where the proposed algorithm fails for some cases. The paper does not ...
73 views

### Linear programming approach to dynamic programming - an initial pair of state-decisions

I aim to solve the following Bellman equation: \begin{equation} v(\vec{s}) = \min_{\vec{x} \in \Xi_{\vec{s}}} \big\{c(\vec{s}, \vec{x}) + \lambda \times \sum_{\vec{s}^{'}\in S} p(\vec{s}^{'} | \...
444 views

### What kind of data structure should be used to store labels when implementing a labeling algorithm?

The shortest path problem with resource constraints is a common subproblem when doing column generation. It is often solved with a labeling algorithm. The procedure is very well explained here and ...
170 views

### How do you know if Column Generation is any faster than standard MIP formulations?

I'm currently in the process of learning about column generation, so I apologize in advance if I show a gross lack of understanding about it. Anyways, what I've gathered so far is that Column ...
375 views

### Dual of a model to obtain reduced costs

I have the following model which I am going to solve with column generation. \begin{align} \max & \sum_{b \in B} \sum_{s \in S} \sum_{r \in \Omega_s}\beta_{bs}p_r y_{br}\label{objective-set1}\\ ...
260 views

### Heuristic solution to the graph partitioning problem

I am working on a graph partitioning problem. A static column generation based solution was proposed in How to partition a graph with optimal number of groups? But I need some MILP solver to solve ...
1 vote
280 views

### Set Covering and Column Generation

I need some set covering and column generation examples in OR-Tools python. If anyone can provide or direct me to some resources that would be great..!
79 views

### Branch and price with two sets of exponential variables

There are classes of problems which allow for "natural" extended formulations using multiple exponential-size sets of variables. For example, 2-echelon routing problems can be modelled ...
90 views

### Materials or sample code for column generation book (GERAD 25th Anniversary Series)

As far as I know, one of the interesting resource to learn the basic concept of the decomposition methods is column generation book (GERAD 25th Anniversary Series), which has been mentioned in some ...
533 views

### Column generation for a linear optimization problem

I have an LP that has exponentially many constraints, and just linearly many variables. The dual of the problem, therefore, has exponentially many variables, while just linearly many constraints. My ...
556 views

### Branch and Price Algorithm

Can branch and price be a good solution approach for a routing problem with min-max objective function? For example, minimizing the max length of any vehicle route in a VRP. In the literature, I haven'...
782 views

### Does pyomo support column generation?

I want to use column generation technique to solve cutting stock problem. Is there any other python modeling library that supports column generation?
253 views

### Column Generation algorithm

I want to solve a VRP with a column generation algorithm. The objective of the problem is makespan minimization. but there is a point in calculating the arrival time of the vehicle in each node. the ...
254 views

### Column generation approach for CVRP

I want to use a column generation based heuristic to solve a capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem. I know the basics of the algorithm but I don't have much experience in coding. is there any code about ...
246 views

### A Question on A tutorial on column generation and branch-and-price for vehicle routing problems by Dominique Feillet

I am reading A tutorial on column generation and branch-and-price for vehicle routing problems by Dominique Feillet to learn the column generation approach, but I have a problem. in section 3.3 ...
477 views

### Column Generation algorithm for vehicle routing problem

I want to solve a VRP with a column generation algorithm. The objective of the problem is makespan minimization. In more detail, I want to minimize the arrival time of the last vehicle in the depot. I ...
757 views

### Branch and Price algorithm is exact?

I know that the Column Generation algorithm delivers an exact solution when you are solving a linear programming optimization problem. I want to know that, does this column generation approach deliver ...
196 views

### Column generation when intractable variables appear in the objective function

Is it possible to implement a column generation for a problem that the variables in the "complicating" constraint appear in the objective function? Suppose the MIP is: \begin{align} z = \...
385 views

### C++ code for branch and price

I looking to learn to use bpcolumn generation techniques in c++. Does any body know of GitHub repository or any other site where I can find some code And learn about it... The application can be ...
1 vote
172 views

### Column generation

I can't get my head around how to implement different subproblems in a column generation procedure with only one master problem. Say the computer found a resource constraint shortest path for each ...
106 views

### Dantzig decomposition and Column Generation for equality constraints

I was trying to apply Dantzig Decomposition followed by Column Generation. The following is how I was taught. \begin{array}{l} \text { Minimize }-10 x_1-2 x_{2}-4 x_{3} \\ \text { subject to: } x_{1}+...
325 views

### On solving the Restricted Master Problem in Column Generation technique

I am working on developing a column generation (CG) based optimization framework for a large-scale airline crew pairing problem (a set-covering problem). First, I generate an initial feasible solution ...
102 views

### General question regarding column generation

Assume one have an integer problem. Is the master problem in the column generation algorithm the original integer problem, or its linear relaxation? Thank you in advance.
84 views

### Problem related to machine's performance while solving an LP-relaxation of a set-covering problem using the Column Generation

PS: I am familiar with performance variability encountered while solving large-scale MIPs. My question may not be explicitly related to it but maybe to the inefficiency of python packages. I have ...
195 views

### When using column generation, can I delete a node with negative reduced cost from my subproblem?

I am solving a minimization problem with a column generation procedure. The master problem is of the form $$\min \sum_{i\in \Omega}c_i \lambda_i$$ subject to  \sum_{i\in \Omega \mid v \in i } \...
503 views

### When using column generation, can a sub-problem be ignored once and for all once it fails to generate a new column?

Suppose you are solving a minimization problem with a column generation procedure, and that you have $2$ sub-problems. At some point, one of the $2$ sub-problems is no longer able to generate a column ...