Questions tagged [binary-variable]

For questions that involve variables than can only take on one of two values, usually 0 or 1.

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32
votes
2answers
7k views

How to linearize the product of two binary variables?

Suppose we have two binary variables $x$ and $y$. How can we linearize the product $xy$?
31
votes
1answer
5k views

How to linearize the product of a binary and a non-negative continuous variable?

Suppose we have a binary variable $x$ and a non-negative continuous variable $y$. How can we linearize the product $x y$?
18
votes
3answers
1k views

What are some real-world applications of QUBO?

QUBO (Quadratic Unconstrained Binary Optimization) is the minimization of a quadratic function of binary variables. It has been used for computer vision, Ramsey numbers, factoring numbers, the ...
13
votes
2answers
962 views

How to choose between high number of binary variables or fewer number of integer (not only 0 and 1) variables in a IP formulation?

When I have to write the formulation of an IP, I usually have the choice between writing $i\times j$ binary variables with two indices such as $ x_{i,j} $ or, writing $j$ integer variables $x_i$. Is ...
8
votes
1answer
888 views

How to linearize the multiplication of an integer and a binary integer variable?

I have the following constraints \begin{align}\sum_{i=1}^{N}{x_it_i}&= M\\\sum_{i=1}^{N}{t_i}&\le S\end{align} where $x_i\ge 0$ is an integer variable, $t_i\in\{0,1\}$ is a binary variable ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

How to represent an integer variable via binary variables?

Suppose we have a model with $N$ integer variables, i.e. $x \in \mathbb{Z}^{N}$ with $L \leq x \leq U$. How can we represent the integer variables via binary variables? Or in other words: how can we ...
5
votes
1answer
344 views

Polynomially solvable cases of zero-one programming

I am dealing with a problem having two types of variables: binary variables, and continuous variables. In some cases, the continuous variables are not used, and so the problem contains those binary ...
4
votes
3answers
162 views

How to couple a binary variable to a continuous variable to indicate values greater 0

I have a continuous variable $x_t$. A binary variable $b_t$ should be coupled to $x_t$ such that $b_t$ has the value $1$ if $x_t$ has a value greater than $0$ and $b_t$ has the value $0$ if $x_t$ has ...
14
votes
4answers
339 views

Does this $0-1$ integer program have any speciality?

Given matrix $A \in \{0,1\}^{m \times n}$ and vector $b \in (\mathbb{Z^+})^m$, where $\mathbb{Z^+}$ is the set of positive integers, $$\begin{array}{ll} \text{maximize} & c^\top x\\ \text{subject ...
7
votes
2answers
388 views

How can I linearize or convexify this binary quadratic optimization problem?

I have an optimization problem as below. I am having a hard time with the last constraint. $\max \eta$ subject to ${\bf U}(:,m)^T{\bf A}{\bf U}(:,m)=0,m=1,2,\cdots,M$ here $\bf{A}$ is a Binary ...
5
votes
1answer
130 views

How to construct my mixed integer programming problem with constraint of minimum consecutive ones

My target is to formulate a binary sequence with fixed size $N$ = 10, such as $[1, 0, 0, 0 ,1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0]$. However, I want to constrain this sequence so that when 1 appears, it has to appear at ...