Questions tagged [benders-decomposition]

For questions related to Benders decomposition, a type of optimization algorithm in which certain variables are optimized in a "master problem," the values of those variables are fixed, the remaining variables are optimized in a "subproblem," cuts are generated to be added to the master problem, and the method repeats.

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multi stage stochastic programming algorithm

I have a multi-stage stochastic programming model. I have 3 groups of variables: the first group takes values at the beginning of the planning horizon before the first realization and does not change ...
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  • 21
1 vote
2 answers
60 views

Adding cuts doesn't change the solution of master problem in Benders decomposition

From the problem Unbounded master problem in Benders decomposition, it can happen that after adding cuts the master problem is still unbounded. The answers in the post suggest adding bound for the ...
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3 votes
3 answers
559 views

Unbounded master problem in Benders decomposition

After a few iterations, my master problem with optimality cuts is still unbounded. I wonder if it's possible in theory? If it's possible, how to deal with the unbounded master problem?
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7 votes
2 answers
219 views

How to find extreme rays

I am applying Benders decomposition and the dual is unbounded. I need to find the extreme rays to proceed, but I am not sure how to do that. Following is an example problem, can someone explain how ...
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4 votes
2 answers
124 views

How to fix unbalanced multi-commodity network flow with equal supply and demand?

I have a fairly large network with eleven commodities and arc capacities that are commodity-dependent (i.e. an arc may have a higher capacity for one commodity than another). I'm solving a protection-...
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1 vote
0 answers
119 views

How to eliminate large matrix coefficients and large RHS warning in Gurobi

I'm solving a large network flow problem using Gurobi to do Benders decomposition in Python. The imported .csvs contain values that typically fall in either zero, the range of [20,200], or with a ...
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3 votes
1 answer
129 views

Benders decomposition feasibility/ optimality cuts

I am trying to understand Benders Decomposition method. I am reading this book Decomposition techniques in mathematical programming by A Conejo, E Castillo, R Minguez. The book provides an example of ...
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1 answer
61 views

Master Problem Infeasible after Iterations of Unbounded Sub Problem (Generic Benders Decomposition in non Stochastic MILP)

I am dealing with a large problem of MILP problem and interested to apply Benders Decomposition. I have already check the original problem and it was feasible to run in large number of computation ...
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5 votes
1 answer
160 views

Optimality in L Shaped or Bender Decomposition

I was working on solving a two-stage stochastic problem using L Shaped method (Benders Decomposition). I have discussed the model here: Stochastic Facility Location Model. Do the single-cut/ multi-cut ...
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5 votes
3 answers
310 views

Combinatorial Feasibility Cuts for Benders Decomposition

Are there any advantages of adding constraints in Bender's master problem that ensure the feasibility of the subproblems? This would not add any feasibility cuts. Or is it beneficial to have a master ...
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3 votes
1 answer
479 views

How to compare the optimality gaps between a commercial solver and Benders

Suppose I have a mixed-integer-linear programming model where the objective is maximization. I solve my model in two different ways. First, I call CPLEX (a commercial solver), and then implement ...
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2 votes
0 answers
56 views

Two-stage stochastic with non-linear recourse

I am working on a two-stage facility location problem as I described in this question. I am solving it with the L-shaped method (Benders decomposition). The cost value between each $(i,j)$ is a ...
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  • 499
2 votes
0 answers
135 views

About combinatorial Benders Cuts

I am solving an OR scheduling problem where I assign the patient to (day,OR) tuple in Master Problem. Once the assignment is made, a subproblem can be solved for each (day,OR) tuple independently ...
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3 votes
1 answer
155 views

Stochastic Facility Location Model

I am solving a stochastic facility location model using Benders decomposition (L-shaped algorithm). In each scenario, I want to allocate demands from origin to a fixed number of closest open ...
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  • 499
14 votes
2 answers
3k views

Is Apple's M1 suitable for Operations Research?

I am curious about the performance of Apple's M1 chip solving optimizations models, MIP, LP, and in solutions approach as benders or columns generations. I read that is a spectacular cpu to perform ...
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  • 353
2 votes
1 answer
201 views

Benders Decomposition cuts for MILP problem with further separable subproblems

I am solving an OR scheduling problem where I assign the patient to (day,OR) tuple in Master Problem. Once the assignment is made, a subproblem can be solved for each (day,OR) tuple independently ...
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2 votes
1 answer
168 views

Benders decompositions: Number of iterations does not remain the same

I am solving an LP (i.e 118-bus system economic dispatch for 130% loading) using Benders decomposition. The problem takes 26 iterations to converge. This means that the process adds 25 cuts to the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
149 views

Benders Decomposition for deterministic MILP

When I think of Benders Decomposition, I typically think of two-stage stochastic programs. However, I was wondering if there is any application to decomposing a large scale deterministic MILP with ...
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5 votes
2 answers
206 views

Logic-based Benders decomposition with integer master variables

I am looking for a paper/study in which a Logic-based Benders decomposition (LLBD) framework is used when the master problem is associated with integer variables (not specifically binary). In general ...
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2 votes
1 answer
109 views

Numerical problem regarding to classical benders cut of large scale problem

I am trying to implement benders decomposition for a simple two stage unit commitment problem. I implemented the classic Benders decomposition to add feasible cut and optimal cut to relax master ...
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3 votes
1 answer
459 views

Implementing benders decomposition using Lazy and User cuts callback of Cplex

I am trying to implement benders decomposition for a simple fixed charge transportation problem for the purpose of learning. I implemented the classic Benders decomposition successfully by adding ...
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  • 59
7 votes
3 answers
716 views

Textbook recommendation for linear programming decomposition fundamentals

I am looking for a textbook on linear programming decomposition fundamentals. The book should be clear and easy-to-follow for self study and should include examples to illustrate the concepts.
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7 votes
1 answer
417 views

Classical Benders decomposition algorithm implementation details

Given the following problem: \begin{align} P: \min_{x,y}&\quad c^\top x+f^\top y\\ \text{s.t.}&\quad Ax+By=b\\ &\quad y\in Y\\ &\quad x\geq 0 \end{align} Problem $P$ is equivalent to: \...
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3 votes
1 answer
146 views

Logical / combinatorial Benders Decomposition vs Cutting plane method

Is there a difference between logical and combinatorial Benders Decomposition and the cutting plane method? My understanding is that for all of these techniques, there is a MIP and based on solutions ...
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2 votes
2 answers
155 views

Two Genetic Algorithms to solve two subproblems is a bad decision or I'm doing something wrong?

I'm developing a heuristic based on U-NSGA-III and GA for continuous variables with a crossover operator from this article: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/331451524_CAM-...
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4 votes
2 answers
205 views

Benders subproblem with product of continuous and discrete variables

I am trying to solve the following problem. The decisions in the problem are $x, y, v, $ and $W$, where $x, y$ are binary and $v, W$ are continuous variables. \begin{equation}\label{eq:3} \begin{...
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3 votes
1 answer
193 views

Implementation of Local Branching

I've been recently reading some papers where the authors use local branching specifically in Benders Decomposition (see for reference). Although I understand up to some extend how the algorithm works, ...
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3 votes
2 answers
321 views

Decomposition methods for two-stage stochastic program with integer variables

In a stochastic programming problem, I have binary variables in the second stage. As an example, consider that the optimization problem is given by: \begin{align} &\text{minimize} &\gamma\\ &...
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0 answers
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Benders Decomposition Problem

$$r_{m_h,s}(n)=\frac B{m_hb_\ell s}\log_2(1+\gamma_{m_h,s}(n))$$ How to deal with multiple subproblems in Benders decomposition when the original objective function is in product form of an integer ...
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13 votes
3 answers
727 views

How to handle an IP sub-problem with an objective function in Benders Decomposition

I have a question on Benders Decomposition (BD). Suppose I have an MILP model which can be decomposed into a master problem (MP) including integer and continuous variables and a subproblem (SP) ...
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3 votes
1 answer
221 views

Benders implementation on Cplex is very slow

I'm working on a location problem and I have an issue with the Benders decomposition. I'm using Cplex with Python. I coded a single cut and a multi-cut to compare. The single-cut implementation takes ...
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  • 141
3 votes
1 answer
282 views

Accessible introduction to L-shaped methods/Benders decomposition

I am looking for papers or other resources that provide an accessible introduction to L-shaped methods/Benders decomposition for solving stochastic linear programming-ideally something focused more on ...
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1 vote
1 answer
281 views

Can I apply decomposition methods for this scheduling problem

I have a centralized optimization problem for a residential area in the context of a smart grid and load flexibility. So let's say I have 10 buildings and each of them has an electric heating device. ...
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  • 1,546
5 votes
2 answers
213 views

Lagrangian Relaxation for Two-Stage Stochastic Program

I have a two-stage stochastic program as follows: \begin{align}\max&\quad f^\top y+\sum_{s}p_sc_s^\top x_s\\\text{s.t.}&\quad Ay=b\\&\quad W_sX_s+Ty \le h_s \quad \forall s \in S \\&\...
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  • 2,063
6 votes
2 answers
255 views

How to handle bigM in sub-problem of benders decomposition?

Suppose you want to solve a MIP with Benders decomposition and the binary variables ($y_i$) are fixed in the master problem but these variables are used in the sub-problem with bigM like $x_{ij} \le M....
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  • 2,063
7 votes
2 answers
285 views

Do Benders cuts exclude current solutions?

I am wondering if optimality cuts in Benders algorithm exclude the possibility to have the same solutions and as a result, have the same optimality cut? I don't know why it is not possible to have the ...
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  • 2,063
12 votes
1 answer
123 views

Benders subproblem feasible region dependent upon solution master problem

Suppose I want to solve a naturally MINLP problem of the following form: $$ \min_{x,y} \{c'x + y \mid Ax \leq b, Dx + Ey \leq f, G(x)y\leq g, x \in \mathbb{Z}, y \in \mathbb{R}^+\} $$ Here $G(x)$ ...
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12 votes
1 answer
132 views

Improving cuts from sub-problem with problem-specific hierarchical information

I'm solving an assignment-alike problem with a Logic-based Benders decomposition-alike (LBBD) method. The master problem provides an assignment, which is checked in the sub-problem. Define the set of ...
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  • 221
11 votes
2 answers
507 views

CPLEX Auto-Benders: How do I get the number of optimality and feasibility cuts?

I am using CPLEX's 12.9 auto-Benders decomposition feature (from the CPLEX Java API). Following the documentation I let CPLEX decide the decomposition strategy as ...
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15 votes
2 answers
459 views

What are the modern optimization methods for large systems?

I came across the preface of Optimization Theory for Large Systems (you can read it in Amazon). The author claims in the table (page v) that some of the methods such as Dantzig Wolfe decomposition, ...
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9 votes
0 answers
155 views

Ill-conditioned LP in Bender's decomposition

I have implemented a Bender's decomposition for a constrained network flow but the LP solver (Gurobi) warns me of the ill-conditioning of the slave dual LP. As you can see below, the coefficients seem ...
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18 votes
4 answers
886 views

Relationship between Benders’ decomposition and Dantzig-Wolfe decomposition

It’s often said that “Benders’ decomposition is Dantzig-Wolfe applied to the dual”. How can this statement be made precise? I know that in Dantzig-Wolfe, cuts are added in one-to-one correspondence ...
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  • 1,967
23 votes
4 answers
550 views

How to determine if a given problem seems to be a good fit to be solved using combinatorial Benders decomposition

Combinatorial Benders decomposition is a mathematical programming technique consisting into dividing a problem into a master problem and a sub problem. The master problem is solved to optimality (or ...
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25 votes
4 answers
891 views

Stochastic programming MIP solvers

I am aware that Benders Decomposition is readily available in CPLEX and in SCIP; but are there any (free) solvers that provide off the shelf stochastic programming MIP algorithms or a nice to work ...
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