# Questions tagged [algorithms]

For questions related to the design or implementation of algorithms (exact or heuristic) for solving optimization problems.

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### Statistical tests for benchmark comparison

Suppose that you have two algorithms for solving an optimization model, and you want to benchmark their performance over a large set of instances (with only one performance metric, for example, the ...
2k views

### List of Implementations for common OR problems

For the TSP there famously is the concord solver (http://www.math.uwaterloo.ca/tsp/concorde.html) which is argubly the fastest exact solver for the TSP. There are many other problems that also show ...
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### Mathematically creating the 'perfect' permutation for reservations in a hostel

I am working at a hostel which uses a reservation system for each room and the beds in the room (e.g. $14$ beds in one room, bed numbers $1-14$.) When we get bookings for multiple people, we assign ...
3k views

### Does the problem of P vs NP come under the category of Operational Research?

I am enrolled in an Operational Research program. I am also interested in Algorithms, and I wish to know whether "P vs NP" is a common point in both of the fields, so that the effort put in ...
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### IPOPT with HSL vs MUMPS

What are the advantages (if any) of using IPOPT with HSL vs MUMPS? HSL has a reputation of being faster, but does it walk the walk? In particular, does HSL scale better for large-scale problems? We ...
221 views

### Was there something specific that caused graph cuts to lose popularity in the last 5 years?

Almost every graph-cut paper I look at seems to have exactly the same pattern of monotonic growth in citations and then monotonic decline starting around 5 years ago: For privacy I've cut the all ...
2k views

### Performance of a branch and bound algorithm VS branch-cut-heuristics

I was trying to solve a moderate scheduling model using an open-source solver. I did two different ways. A) using pure branch and bound algorithm (disable all options). B) using the default setting ...
934 views

### How to implement a “generic” solver for scheduling problems?

I have been accepted for an internship for 6 months. The aim of this internship is to implement a "generic" solver for scheduling/production planning problems. This solver will bill a small prototype ...
138 views

### Neigbourhoods in Large Neighbourhood Search (LNS) algorithms

I have been trying to implement a variant of LNS on a graph for TSP. One of the ways that I can define a neighborhood for TSP is to find $k$-shortest path between two nodes. But the choice of these ...
462 views

### Finding an optimal set without forbidden subsets

Given $n$ items, I want to select a set items $S\subseteq\{1,2,\dots,n\}$ that maximize profit. The profit of item $i\in\{1,2,\dots,n\}$ is given by $p_i$ and may be assumed to be non-negative. ...
190 views

### partitioning hub assignment models

When solving large-scale hub assignment models (1000+ candidate hubs and 1000+ demand nodes), it is possible that parts of a cost matrix are not connected to one another. A typical workflow would be: ...
108 views

### Armijo Line Search Parameters

I am trying to compare many unconstrained optimization algorithms like gradient method, Newton method with line search, Polak-Ribiere algorithm, Broyden-Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shanno algorithm, so on so ...
257 views

### Does the “prize-collecting shortest path problem” exist?

The prize collecting shortest path problem (PCSPP) is a special case of the prize collecting Steiner tree problem (PCSTP) (PCSPP is the PCSTP with only two terminal vertices, namely the source and ...
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### Is the “reverse search” algorithm of David Avis the state-of-the-art method for finding discrete solutions to a system of linear inequalities?

Is the "reverse search" algorithm of David Avis the state-of-the-art method for finding discrete solutions to a system of linear inequalities? If it is not, then what is? For $m$ inequalities in $d$ ...
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There is a directed social network with large number of nodes and arcs and there are many instances of the network (nodes are same but arcs change in each instance). You can think of it as a ...
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### Speed of convergence for minimizing Rosenbrock's function

I am minimizing $f(x_1,x_2) = 100(x_2-x_1^2)^2 + (1-x_1)^2$, where I try many algorithms to compare with each other. All of the algorithms find the optimal solution $(1,1)$ quickly, so I am not ...
380 views

### The general meaning of “constraint relaxation” in the context of the Shortest Path Problem

I've read that in the context of the Shortest Path Problem, the use of the term "relaxation" ("relaxing edges") [...][the use of the term "relaxation"] is historical. The outcome of a relaxation ...
102 views

### Design choices on how to implement several algorithms for the same problem

When one is interested in solving a problem but considering different objective functions the choice is easy, a class for problem, a class for solution and a class by algorithm then in the main ...
132 views

### How to convert 3D bin packing problem to 2D bin packing approximation?

I'm trying to approximately solve a 3D container loading problem. Is it possible to use 2D bin packing algorithms? If so, how do we make the transformation? What are the conditions needed to make the ...
109 views

### Maximize charging, minimize cost

The task pertains to choosing an algorithm based on the data, requirements and constraints. I have a number of electrical devices ($d_1,d_2,\dots,d_n$) with batteries. Throughout the day I will ...
154 views

### Why is this version of the algorithm more efficient?

I am a student self-studying Optimization, and I am reading about the Conjugate Gradient Method in Numerical Optimization by Nocedal & Wright, and they present two different algorithms for it. ...
141 views

### Find a point inside non-empty difference of ellipsoids

Given two ellipsoids \begin{align}\mathcal{E}_1 &= \{ X \mid X^\top A_1 X + 2B_1^\top X + C_1 \leq 0\}\\\mathcal{E}_2 &= \{ X \mid X^\top A_2 X + 2 B_2^\top X + C_2 \leq 0\}\end{align} are ...
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### How to find all descendant vertices of all vertices in a big DAG (Directed acyclic graph)?

A simple algorithm may be traverse all vertices, and perform DFS for every vertex. However, the computational complexity is $O(n(n+m))$, where $n$ and $m$ are the number of vertices and edges in the ...
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### Optimizing MIP Parameters For Various Data Sets

I have a MIP that runs for several different data sets. For each data set the MIP runs multiple times, once for each time period in the data set, and each time period is independent. I've experimented ...
187 views

### When does the Junction Tree Algorithm work better than Variable Elimination?

Compared with the Variable Elimination algorithm, when does the Junction Tree algorithm work better? For what kind of graph structures? Size of the problem? Sparsity of the network?
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### What are the top three applications (in terms of number of citations) of the “reverse search” algorithm of David Avis?

I can see that this algorithm is quite popular, and that one of the original papers now has 820 citations on Google Scholar. However, what are the most highly cited applications of it? If in Google ...
80 views

### Column generation approach for CVRP

I want to use a column generation based heuristic to solve a capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem. I know the basics of the algorithm but I don't have much experience in coding. is there any code about ...
122 views

### A good memoryless elevator strategy?

Could you OR whizkids please help me out with this one: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/61854621/a-good-memoryless-elevator-strategy Surely somebody has solved this before. How do you classify ...
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### Relative Weakness of Rolling Horizon Optimization

I am running a fairly complex and dynamic(multi-period) model, and as a result of the complexity, solvers are not able to solve the problem in a reasonable time frame. I have since discovered the ...
166 views

### Column Generation algorithm

I want to solve a VRP with a column generation algorithm. The objective of the problem is makespan minimization. but there is a point in calculating the arrival time of the vehicle in each node. the ...
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### Greedy algorithms for assignment problems — prediction doesn't match simulation

I'm considering the following basic assignment problem: a group of $n$ people is to be assigned, in one-to-one fashion, a set of $n$ jobs. Write $C_{ij}$ for the cost incurred when person $i$ gets ...
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### Does anyone have the criss cross algorithm programming code to solve linear programming problems?

I have a project that requires programming code for the simplex algorithm and criss-cross algorithm. The purpose of this project is to compare the two methods. I've tried to find it, but the ...
219 views

### Algorithms for sparse linear systems

I've long wondered this, but what is the algorithm(s) implemented in modern linear equation solvers for sparse systems? The obvious answer I can think of is Gauss-Jordan with a bunch of tricks to make ...
88 views

### A variant of maximum sum subarray problem?

This is related to the foillowing Q on Cross Validated https://stats.stackexchange.com/questions/483002/experimental-design-problem-with-goofy-constraints which I am trying to answer, but the ...
251 views

### social network analysis - relations between people with weights

I asked this question on datascience.stackexchange but they directed me here. I have a social network represented as a set of people $S$ and individual weights for each of person (weight is the cost ...
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### Linear programming explanation in Algorithms by Sanjoy Dasgupta

I am reading about simplex algorithms in a textbook titled Algorithms by Dasgupta-Papadimitriou-Vairani. On each iteration, simplex has two tasks: Check whether the current vertex is optimal (and if ...
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### implementation of heuristics using C++ to solve operations research problems

can anyone suggest some good books with the implementation of heuristics and matheuristics using C++ to solve operations research problems especially routing problems such as TSP and VRP. also, I need ...
166 views

### Are there any standard “tests” that determine if a model will not optimize / no solution?

As the title says, what are the tests for optimality or non-optimality I can build into my procedure and code to alert me that the model is going to be infeasible so I need to revise my constraints? ...
61 views

### Bounding box fusion with constraints

I have N bounding boxes that I want to fuse/merge given some constraints. Each bounding box has a label. Goal: The main goal is to minimize ...
173 views

### How to correct this scheduling algorithm?

I have a scheduling problem to solve. It's a resource-constrained project scheduling problem with time-varying resource availabilities. The objective is minimizing tardiness. The full detailed model ...
36 views

### Algorithms for finding step sizes which satisfy the Wolfe conditions?

I am a student studying optimization, and I am interested in algorithms which finds step sizes satisfying the Wolfe (or strong Wolfe) conditions. I do know of one book which provides such an algorithm:...
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### Decision-making algorithm for dynamic load balancing

I'm researching a subject of balancing the load between two black-box systems (with some twists). I thought that I could record latest response time log from each of those systems and process such a ...