Not sure if this question is appropriate, but there is some error in my code which I just cannot seem to find. Probably been staring myself blind to this, so I could really use some help.

It is a MILP, which I am solving in R

model<- MIPModel() %>%
  # 1 if i gets assigned to facility j
  add_variable(x[i, j], i = 1:n, j = 1:m, type = "binary") %>%
  # 1 if facility j is a collection point
  add_variable(y[j], j = 1:m, type = "binary") %>%
  # 1 if facility j is a pick-up point
  add_variable(u[j], j = 1:m, type = "binary")  %>%
  add_variable(C1[j], j=1:m, type = "continuous") %>%
  add_variable(C2[j], j=1:m, type = "continuous") %>%

  # minimize the total cost
  set_objective((S * sum_expr(y[j], j = 1:m)) +
                  (a * sum_expr(C1[j], j = 1:m)) +
                  (T * sum_expr(u[j], j = 1:m)) +
                  (b * sum_expr(C2[j], j = 1:m)) +
                  ((sum_expr(1-sum_expr(x[i,j], i = 1:n), j= 1:m)) * kR)
                , "min") %>%
  add_constraint(C1[j]<=y[j]*(n+w), j = 1:m) %>%
  add_constraint(C1[j]>=0, j = 1:m) %>%
  add_constraint(C1[j]>=x[i,j]+w-(m+w)*(1-y[j]), i = 1:n, j = 1:m) %>%
  add_constraint(C2[j]<=u[j]*(n+w), j = 1:m) %>%
  add_constraint(C2[j]>=0, j = 1:m) %>%
  add_constraint(C2[j]>=x[i,j]+w-(n+w)*(1-u[j]), i = 1:n, j = 1:m) %>%
  add_constraint(sum_expr(x[i,j], j = 1:m)<= 1 , i=1:n) %>%
  add_constraint(x[i,j]<=(delta(i,j))*(y[j]+u[j]), i =1:n, j =1:m) %>%
  add_constraint((sum_expr(x[i,j], i=1:n)+(w-p))<=(u[j]*(n+w)), j = 1:m) 

The basic idea is that you can assign customers to a facility (Xij). Assigning customers to a facility costs "a" without an upgrade, opening a facility without an upgrade (Y) costs S. A facility has a capacity (p) and an internal demand (w). If the amount of customers assigned and internal demand exceeds p, the facility needs an upgrade (U). Assigning customers to a facility costs "b" with an upgrade, opening a facility with an upgrade costs T. Customers can only be assigned if they find themselves close enough to the facility, which is indicated by delta.

e <- function(i, j) {
  customer <- data[i, ]
  facility <- facility_locations[j, ]
  (sqrt((customer$x - facility$x)^2 + (customer$y - facility$y)^2))

delta <- function (i,j){

When a customer is not assigned, there is a "k" likelihood that it will undertake action, which costs "R"

However, when solving the model, it gives me a minus, which should not be possible as assigning customers and opening facilities is costly.


2 Answers 2


The ompr::add_variable function has a default value of -Inf for the lower bound (lb) parameter. Assuming you intended C1 and C2 to be nonnegative, you need to explicitly set lb=0 for them.


I assume your term sum_expr(1-sum_expr(x[i,j], i = 1:n), j= 1:m) in set_objective is intended to be the number of unassigned customers; however, it actually evaluates to the number of facilities minus the number of assigned customers. Presumably there are more customers than facilities, which means this term would probably be negative and could be responsible for driving the total cost negative.

  • $\begingroup$ Yess! Currently, I solved it trough introducting a new variable which is defined as the number of unassigned customers in the constraints and that solved my problem. So indeed the problem is in this part of the model. $\endgroup$
    – user9867
    Commented Jul 21, 2022 at 7:53

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.