# if-else condition for the objective variable using big M notation

Let $$0\leq \beta\leq 1$$ be an objective variable. The size of $$\beta$$ is $$N\!\times\!N$$.

Now, how can I impose the following?

if $$\beta_{i,j}>0$$ then $$\beta_{j,i}=0$$

Big M notation can be one of the possible ways, however, I am unable to proceed.

Introduce binary variable $$x_{i,j}$$ to indicate whether $$\beta_{i,j}>0$$ and linear constraints: \begin{align} \beta_{i,j} &\le x_{i,j}\\ x_{i,j} + x_{j,i} &\le 1 \end{align} (The big-M here is 1.)
The first constraint enforces $$\beta_{i,j}>0 \implies x_{i,j} = 1.$$ The second constraint enforces $$x_{i,j} = 1 \implies x_{j,i} = 0.$$ The first constraint enforces $$x_{j,i} = 0 \implies \beta_{j,i} \le 0.$$ The lower bound on $$\beta$$ enforces $$\beta_{j,i} \le 0 \implies \beta_{j,i} = 0.$$ So $$\beta_{i,j}>0 \implies \beta_{j,i} = 0,$$ as desired.