I'm working on this problem:
In the Njaba river basin, the available water was allocated for the purposes of consumption, irrigation, and electric power supply among three communities. The water allocated per annum per capita for all use in these communities are $10m^3$, $10m^3$ and $30m^3$ . The allocations were made based on the critical factors of population, land area and the industrialization. The populations of the communities are 300, 200, and 100, power supply capacities are 20W, 10W and 20W while the land areas for irrigation are 50 hectares, 40 hectares, and 30 hectares respectively. Allowable allocations limits of more than 300, 100 and 80 were stipulated for the purposes. Using the above information, formulate, (a) Linear Programming Model for the basin. (b) Maximization the allocations made Assume non-negativity condition?
I'm taking this course for the very first time, so in order to understand this subject and its problems, I'm trying to solve different problems.
This is a solved example I found on the internet. From the solution, here are the objective function and constraints.
Let the three communities be denoted by the variables $x$, $y$, and $z$. The objective function should be based on the allocation per annum, per capita for the basin as stated;
$$Z = 10x + 10y + 30z$$
The constraints can be formulated thus;
$$300x + 200y + 100z \ge 300$$ $$20x + 10y + 20z \ge 100$$ $$50x + 40y + 30z \ge 80$$
Under the negativity conditions of
$$x, y, z \ge 0$$
My confusion is writing an objecting function in this question. When different communities are supplied water for different use then it's obvious that usage of water in every community for different use is different. Like annually, per person usage of water would be different. If a person is using water only for domestic needs the whole year, they have nothing to do with the irrigation and electric power supply, so how could the following line be justified?
The water allocated per annum per capita for all use in these communities are $10m^3$, $10m^3$ and $30m^3$ ?
Does this mean every single person is allocated water for all uses like for basic consumption, irrigation, electric power supply or it means they're providing extra water?