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Workforce Scheduling problem - Modelling to minimize resources

I am working on a scheduling program for a service desk. I want to decide the number of people required to come in at each shift.Data i have is there are 4 overlapping shifts arrival pattern at the ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Strategy for filling a table only slightly dependant on the number of columns

I'm using the OR-Tools CP-SAT solver to fill a table with integers, with various constraints, as illustrated by the x in the following figure. ...
4
votes
3answers
97 views

Algorithms vs LP or MIP

Is there a way of writing an algorithm with if-, while-statements to find an optimal solution without using linear-programming (LP)/MIP? If so, what would the benefits be against the LP/MIP? Is it ...
14
votes
1answer
80 views

Optimality in a simultaneous column and row generation procedure

What is the optimality argument in a simultaneous column and row generation procedure? By column and row generation procedure I mean a procedure in which every time a column in generated, several ...
9
votes
1answer
91 views

Quadratic programming using CPLEX: how to check whether candidate is an extreme point?

I am currently solving an indefinite quadratic program with linear constraints using CPLEX. Moreover, I am trying to determine whether the candidate point CPLEX is feeding my callback function is an ...
8
votes
0answers
85 views

Decoding a Deep Neural Network as an Analytical Expression for Optimization Purpose

This post is not really about a specific question but rather a topic I am curious about to know more. We know that when it comes to integrate machine/statistical learning with optimization for the ...
10
votes
0answers
81 views

Modeling an assignment/scheduling problem to minimize total wait

I have an assignment type problem in which there is a set of students, $S$, and a set of training classes $T$. Each training has a fixed start and end day and can accommodate at most 1 student. In ...
9
votes
1answer
158 views

Expressing a chain of boolean ORs using ILP involving different variables

How can I express a chain of OR operations in an ILP, given that each operand is an inequality between two binary variables? I have asked a similar question here: Chain of Boolean ORs. In that ...
19
votes
5answers
1k views

How to compare two different formulations of a problem?

I somewhat know how to compare two MILP formulations of a problem that both use the same set of decision variables (as in the classical MTZ vs DFJ formulations of the TSP). I was wondering how two ...
4
votes
2answers
223 views

Linear and Integer programming materials

I was wondering if you could refer me to some online video/text resources to learn linear and integer programming. I am intending to work in the field of data science. I greatly appreciate your kind ...
14
votes
3answers
442 views

Best model for precedence constraints within scheduling problem

Suppose I'm modeling a problem where I want to compute the start time bucket for some jobs. All time buckets have equal duration. There are some additional constraints involved but I also have to ...
12
votes
1answer
145 views

How to choose an architecture for an OR web app and how to learn the tech stack associated?

After carefully reading the answers to my previous post I decided to opt for developing and deploying an app as a web service. I watched a talk on optimization apps. It suggests using the following ...
11
votes
1answer
118 views

Representing an indicator function: binary variables and “indicator constraints”

I want to represent the indicator function: $$ \mathbb{1}_{(y=j)}$$ where $y$ is a non negative, integer variable. My attempt is as follows: define a binary variable: $$ z_j =\begin{cases} 1 \qquad\...
32
votes
9answers
2k views

Are there any OR challenges that are similar to kaggle's competitions?

I am looking for previous OR challenges. My goal is : Applying my knowledge while solving problems suggested in those competitions; and/or If possible, reading solutions posted by participants. I ...
12
votes
2answers
352 views

Expressing a chain of boolean ORs using ILP

How to express a chain of OR operations in an ILP in which each expression is a less than or equal constraint and the left hand side variable in all inequalities is always the same? All the variables ...
9
votes
1answer
94 views

Real world demand dataset

I am looking for a publicly available real world demand data to compare the performance of some algorithms. The dataset should include some products with data of a sufficiently long period of time. I ...
9
votes
2answers
171 views

Generating all extreme rays

I am trying to understand a problem and would like to generate all extreme rays for a given set of linear constraints. With the Python interface of CPLEX, I was able to generate a single ray (not sure ...
6
votes
1answer
124 views

Bridge the gap between theory and practice in Integer Programming

I've finished Wolsey's book on Integer programming. It's a theoretic book. I aim to learn how the ideas presented in the book can be applied to solve real-world non-academic problems. I am looking ...
-6
votes
0answers
40 views

Converting Day of Year decimal into regular DOY notation [closed]

I understand that my first column in this worksheet represents the day of the year. I know that 153 represents the day but after the decimal place not sure what those numbers are representing. My ...
12
votes
2answers
318 views

Simulation optimisation: Monte carlo simulation, regression, optimise within regression model?

Can you help me identify if this technique has a standard name to help me explore the literature? Suppose I have a black-box stochastic simulation parameterised by $X=[x_1,...,x_p]$ with some single ...
17
votes
4answers
654 views

Solving pricing problem heuristically in column generation algorithm for VRP

In the set covering/column generation approach for the VRP (Balinski and Quandt (1964), or e.g. this tutorial), the basic idea is: Generate some routes. Solve the set covering problem using those ...
12
votes
2answers
150 views

How does a warm start work in LP/MIP?

Can someone explain how warm starts/ MIP starts work? How do solvers like CPLEX/GUROBI use warm start with the Simplex algorithm? I am interested in understanding how the entire warm start ...
14
votes
5answers
603 views

Good textbook for queueing theory and performance modeling

Can someone recommend a good self-study textbook for queueing theory and performance modeling? My interest is in applying this to understanding the behavior of some real-world server networks, ...
11
votes
2answers
246 views

Is there a way to proportionalize fixed costs in a MILP?

So assume we have a MILP (e.g. inventory or capacity planning) and the objective is to minimize total costs (inventory costs, set-up costs, backorder costs, production costs etc.). The production of a ...
9
votes
1answer
214 views

Stochastic VRP: Sources of uncertainty and modeling approaches

In one of the archived research topics of mine, I tried to model and solve SVRPs using Multiple Tandem Queues. I have two related questions: What are the sources for uncertainty in Stochastic VRPs? ...
15
votes
3answers
615 views

Modeling the uncertainty of the input parameters

There are many approaches to deal with the uncertainty such as stochastic programming, robust optimization and fuzzy programming. Finding a suitable approach that is applicable in the real situations ...
12
votes
1answer
171 views

Mixed-Integer Linear Programming (Capacity Planning)

I'm currently developing a small capacity planning problem and right now I am struggling with the "activation" of a subset. Needless to say I am not an expert in this kind of things. I have a set of $...
13
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there a SQL/English like language that lets you define formulations given some data?

It would be very useful for beginning and non technical users to be able to define models in a way that was natural for them. Further this could perhaps assist generating some kind of generic ...
8
votes
3answers
403 views

Google - OR tools for workforce scheduling problems

Has anyone used the google OR tools in python to solve the workforce scheduling problem. Can you please let me know Advantages and Disadvantages Any issues faced during usage and implementation
8
votes
1answer
102 views

Formulating a MINLP for CPLEX in PYOMO

I am trying to do my first MINLP problem using PYOMO and CPLEX - although I am not committed to using CPLEX, but it was recommended to me. To my understanding you need to formulate your problem in ...
9
votes
1answer
102 views

Static stochastic knapsack problem: unbounded version

In the static stochastic knapsack problem (SSKP) the weights $w_i$ of the items are distributed according to a probability distribution. Each item $i \in I$ can be selected at most once. So, ...
11
votes
3answers
237 views

Performance of a branch and bound algorithm VS branch-cut-heuristics

I was trying to solve a moderate scheduling model using an open-source solver. I did two different ways. A) using pure branch and bound algorithm (disable all options). B) using the default setting ...
12
votes
2answers
97 views

Run repeatable numerical tests in the cloud

In numerical tests of optimization algorithms, one often reads "We used a XY computer with X GB RAM for the experiments". Usually, when I want to compare my results with theirs, I do not have an XY ...
7
votes
0answers
43 views

How to get solver time from CPLEX when using the NEOS server through Pyomo?

I've been using CPLEX on the NEOS server, via Pyomo, to solve a binary program I'm working on. NEOS is amazing, but the documentation is somewhat lacking on the Pyomo side, so I haven't been able to ...
10
votes
2answers
340 views

Geometric programming: Why are the constraints defined to be less than/equal to 1?

In a simple convex optimisation problem, the standard form is given by \begin{align}\min_{\bf x}&\qquad f({\bf x})\\\text{s.t.}&\qquad g_i({\bf x})\le 0,\quad i=1,\cdots,m\\&\qquad h_j({\...
15
votes
1answer
109 views

Symmetric undirected $p$-median instance with fractional LP solution?

The $p$-median problem is NP-hard, so its LP relaxation does not naturally have all-integer solutions. However, it very often does; in fact, it can be hard to find an instance for which the LP ...
15
votes
6answers
1k views

Infeasibility in mathematical optimization models

Sometimes, when solving mathematical optimization models (especially MIPs), they may be infeasible. Is there any comprehensive method to deal with the infeasibility conditions? (especially in complex ...
8
votes
2answers
70 views

Warm-start SCIP with a solution

I am trying to solve a MIP using SCIP. I let my solver run for some initial time-bound - let's say 10min. After 10min, I check if the problem is solved to optimality or 1% gap. If not, then I would ...
13
votes
5answers
1k views

Non-OR journals which regularly publish OR research

I am looking for journals which do not focus on OR or a subfield (math programming, simulation, logistics, etc.) but still publish a few OR papers on a regular basis. What are some journals which ...
25
votes
1answer
197 views

The rationale to improve MTZ?

Currently I need to solve a quite specific problem involving symmetric TSP as a sub-problem (i.e., a Hamiltonian cycle is a necessary condition for optimizing some problem-specific variables that ...
9
votes
1answer
80 views

Two-commodity flow formulation for an asymmetric cost VRP

The two-commodity flow formulation is introduced by Baldacci et al. (2004). It is known for its good performance and providing a tight lower bound. I searched the literature, but couldn't find any ...
10
votes
2answers
72 views

How to get GAMS's solvers to work from Pyomo?

I want to run a model written in Pyomo language with CPLEX solver of GAMS. However I get the following error: ...
21
votes
5answers
1k views

Validation and verification of mathematical models

Within the subject of simulation I have found some literature on validation and verification (e.g. Sargent's paper). My question is, what techniques do you use to validate and verify your mathematical ...
12
votes
7answers
758 views

What are the examples (applications) of the MIPs in which the objective function has nonzero coefficients for only continuous variables?

I'm specifically looking for real applications of the following form of MIP: $$\max\,Cx$$ subject to: \begin{align}Ax +By &= D\\Ax &= E\\By &= F\\ x &\ge 0\\ y &\in \mathbb{...
10
votes
1answer
113 views

How to relate dual values of valid inequality to the dual values of the original problem?

I have a given formulation that looks like this (just for the constraints): $$\sum_i \beta_{i,j} \geq \alpha_j,\qquad\forall j$$ $$\alpha_j \geq \sum_i f_{i,j},\qquad\forall j$$ $$\alpha_j \geq 0, ...
29
votes
2answers
4k views

Make a living as a math programming freelancer?

I would like to know how the (job) market for operations research works. My dream would be to work as a freelancer in the area of math programming. I have a PHD and several years of proven experience ...
9
votes
0answers
81 views

Algorithm for workforce scheduling for call volumes

I am trying to solve a workforce scheduling and optimization problem. Available data: daily level forecasted call volumes, shift schedules, resource utilization at the aggregate level, AHT at ...
7
votes
1answer
127 views

Model Update for Data Driven Real Time Process Optimization

The question I am about to ask is not a technical one but rather based on following a correct approach, which I am sure would be helpful to many. I am currently working on a project which involves ...
-10
votes
0answers
53 views

Is there any laws in Operations Research? [duplicate]

I just need to know the laws in Operations Research. I found Little's law is there. And only the laws, not the theories.
19
votes
3answers
1k views

Are valid inequalities worth the effort given modern solvers?

In Laurence Wolsey's Integer Programming[1], he presents a well-known procedure for deriving valid inequalities (VI) suitable for integer and mixed integer linear problems (see Section 8.3, and also ...

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